Thu, 15 Jan 2009 22:16:04 +0000Update Email SDL-1.2
Patrice Mandin [Thu, 15 Jan 2009 22:16:04 +0000] rev 4160
Update Email

Mon, 08 Dec 2008 00:25:42 +0000Updated copyright date SDL-1.2
Sam Lantinga [Mon, 08 Dec 2008 00:25:42 +0000] rev 4159
Updated copyright date

Wed, 12 Nov 2008 17:23:40 +0000Date: Sun, 7 Sep 2008 15:17:00 +0200 SDL-1.2
Sam Lantinga [Wed, 12 Nov 2008 17:23:40 +0000] rev 4158
Date: Sun, 7 Sep 2008 15:17:00 +0200
Subject: [SDL] SDL 1.2 doube free/pointer zeroing missing


this is about a crash/debug breakage for the current SDL 1.2
source tree (today's svn checkout, same problem in 1.2.13 and
before as far as relevant).
In some places memory is free()d but the associated pointer
is not zeroed, leading to for example double free()s.

For me this happened because SDL_StopEventThread() was executed
twice (during restart of the subsystems), once for the close
down in SDL_VideoQuit() and once at the startup, right at the
beginning of SDL_StartEventLoop(). Thus the code
(see SDL_events.c) was called twice and executed the SDL_free(mutex);
twice as well, leading to a crash (msvc 64bit for which it was noticed).

I've tried to check all other occurrences of SDL_free and similar
code in msvc, see the attached patch (udiff against revision 4082).
Non-windows only codepaths have neither been checked nor touched.

Comments/ideas welcome.

Attached patch: NULLifies some pointers after they have been free()d.

Fri, 07 Nov 2008 04:15:36 +0000Date: Thu, 16 Oct 2008 20:27:34 +0400 SDL-1.2
Sam Lantinga [Fri, 07 Nov 2008 04:15:36 +0000] rev 4157
Date: Thu, 16 Oct 2008 20:27:34 +0400
From: "Ilya Kasnacheev" <>
Subject: [SDL] SDL for Windows CE: a few GAPI patches

Hi *!

I've just ported a POWDER roguelike ( ) to
Windows CE (PDAs, Windows Mobile/Pocket PC). To do that, I had to get libsdl
working. Thanks for the awesome project files, it built without a hitch.

Nevertheless, I've found quite a few bugs in Windows CE (GAPI) SDL
implementation, which I've solved and now present as a serie of patches.

I'll try carefully annotate them. Please annotate them so I can work
toward accepting
them into the main source tree since without them SDL isn't really working on
Windows CE (I wonder why nobody fixed them before, btw: why isn't SDL popular as
a way to develop Windows CE games? Where are no ports?)

These changes can't be considered flawless, but they can be considered working
because I've yet to hear complains about things I fixed and POWDER build for
Windows CE is now considered stable.

Note: my comments start with !!, delete them before applying.

diff -bru SDL-1.2.13/src/video/gapi/SDL_gapivideo.c
--- SDL-1.2.13/src/video/gapi/SDL_gapivideo.c 2007-12-31
07:48:00.000000000 +0300
+++ SDL-1.2.13-new/src/video/gapi/SDL_gapivideo.c 2008-10-16
20:02:11.000000000 +0400
@@ -643,6 +643,7 @@

gapi->userOrientation = SDL_ORIENTATION_UP;
+ gapi->systemOrientation = SDL_ORIENTATION_UP;
video->flags = SDL_FULLSCREEN; /* Clear flags, GAPI supports
fullscreen only */

/* GAPI or VGA? */
@@ -661,18 +662,21 @@

/* detect user landscape mode */
- if( (width > height) && (GetSystemMetrics(SM_CXSCREEN) <
+ if( (width > height) && (gapi->gxProperties.cxWidth <
gapi->userOrientation = SDL_ORIENTATION_RIGHT;

+ if(GetSystemMetrics(SM_CYSCREEN) < GetSystemMetrics(SM_CXSCREEN))
+ gapi->systemOrientation = SDL_ORIENTATION_RIGHT;
/* shall we apply hires fix? for example when we do not use
hires resource */
gapi->hiresFix = 0;
- if( gapi->userOrientation == SDL_ORIENTATION_RIGHT )
+ if( gapi->systemOrientation == gapi->userOrientation )
- if( (width > GetSystemMetrics(SM_CYSCREEN)) || (height
> GetSystemMetrics(SM_CXSCREEN)))
+ if( (width > GetSystemMetrics(SM_CXSCREEN)) || (height
> GetSystemMetrics(SM_CYSCREEN)))
gapi->hiresFix = 1;
} else
- if( (width > GetSystemMetrics(SM_CXSCREEN)) || (height
> GetSystemMetrics(SM_CYSCREEN)))
- if( !((width == GetSystemMetrics(SM_CYSCREEN))
&& (height == GetSystemMetrics(SM_CXSCREEN)))) // user portrait,
device landscape
+ if( (width > GetSystemMetrics(SM_CYSCREEN)) || (height
> GetSystemMetrics(SM_CXSCREEN)))
+// if( !((width == gapi->gxProperties.cyHeight)
&& (height == gapi->gxProperties.cxWidth))) // user portrait, device
gapi->hiresFix = 1;

switch( gapi->userOrientation )
!! It used to query system metrics which return dimensions according to screen
!! orientation, which can really be portrait, left landscape or right landscape.
!! This is presumably incorrect because we couldn't care less about user mode
!! dimensions - all we want are the GAPI framebuffer dimensions, which
only match
!! user dimensions in one of possible orientations.
!! There's a fair dose of cargo cult programming involved in this fix, but it
!! used to work only in one orientation (portrait for PDAs, where frame-buffer
!! have same orientation as user screen), and now it works on all orientations.
@@ -742,21 +746,30 @@

/* Open GAPI display */
- if( !gapi->useVga && this->hidden->useGXOpenDisplay )
+ if( !gapi->useVga && this->hidden->useGXOpenDisplay &&
!this->hidden->alreadyGXOpened )
+ {
+ this->hidden->alreadyGXOpened = 1;
if( !gapi->gxFunc.GXOpenDisplay(SDL_Window, GX_FULLSCREEN) )
SDL_SetError("Couldn't initialize GAPI");
+ }

printf("Video properties:\n");
printf("display bpp: %d\n", gapi->gxProperties.cBPP);
printf("display width: %d\n", gapi->gxProperties.cxWidth);
printf("display height: %d\n", gapi->gxProperties.cyHeight);
+ printf("system display width: %d\n", GetSystemMetrics(SM_CXSCREEN));
+ printf("system display height: %d\n", GetSystemMetrics(SM_CYSCREEN));
printf("x pitch: %d\n", gapi->gxProperties.cbxPitch);
printf("y pitch: %d\n", gapi->gxProperties.cbyPitch);
printf("gapi flags: 0x%x\n", gapi->gxProperties.ffFormat);
+ printf("user orientation: %d\n", gapi->userOrientation);
+ printf("system orientation: %d\n", gapi->userOrientation);
+ printf("gapi orientation: %d\n", gapi->gapiOrientation);

if( !gapi->useVga && this->hidden->useGXOpenDisplay && gapi->needUpdate)
!! Previous version used to call gapi->gxFunc.GXOpenDisplay each time the video
!! mode would be changed. You shouldn't, because this call has a
meaning "Lock the
!! GAPI framebuffer, designate it as busy", so the second call will fail (it is
!! already locked/busy).
!! Testing might not find that because most programs set up the video mode only
!! once, but POWDER does this once in a while, so it crashed when in
320x240 mode
!! (640x480 mode doesn't use that code, it worked fine).
diff -bru SDL-1.2.13/src/video/gapi/SDL_gapivideo.h
--- SDL-1.2.13/src/video/gapi/SDL_gapivideo.h 2007-12-31
07:48:00.000000000 +0300
+++ SDL-1.2.13-new/src/video/gapi/SDL_gapivideo.h 2008-10-16
20:02:11.000000000 +0400
@@ -132,12 +132,17 @@
#define NUM_MODELISTS 4 /* 8, 16, 24, and 32 bits-per-pixel */
int SDL_nummodes[NUM_MODELISTS];
SDL_Rect **SDL_modelist[NUM_MODELISTS];
+ // The orientation of the video mode user wants to get
+ // Probably restricted to UP and RIGHT
enum SDL_ScreenOrientation userOrientation;
int invert;
char hiresFix; // using hires mode without defining hires resource
// --------------
int useGXOpenDisplay; /* use GXOpenDispplay */
+ int alreadyGXOpened;
int w, h;
+ // The orientation of GAPI framebuffer.
+ // Never changes on the same device.
enum SDL_ScreenOrientation gapiOrientation;

void *buffer; // may be 8, 16, 24, 32 bpp
@@ -153,6 +158,10 @@
int startOffset; // in bytes
int useVga;
int suspended; // do not pu anything into video memory
+ // The orientation of the system, as defined by SM_CXSCREEN
+ // User can change it by using 'screen layout' in system options
+ // Restricted to UP or RIGHT
+ enum SDL_ScreenOrientation systemOrientation;

!! This is a flag variable, see the previous comment
!! And yet another orientation: now we have to keep three of them in mind.
diff -bru SDL-1.2.13/src/video/wincommon/SDL_sysevents.c
--- SDL-1.2.13/src/video/wincommon/SDL_sysevents.c 2007-12-31
07:48:02.000000000 +0300
+++ SDL-1.2.13-new/src/video/wincommon/SDL_sysevents.c 2008-10-16
20:02:12.000000000 +0400
@@ -160,10 +160,22 @@
#endif */
+ // FIXME: Older version used just SDL_VideoSurface->(w, h)
+ // w and h are "clipped" while x and y are "raw", which caused
+ // x in former and y in latter case to be clipped in a
wrong direction,
+ // thus offsetting the coordinate on 2 x clip pixels
+ // (like, 128 for 640 -> 512 clipping).
+ // We will now try to extract and use raw values.
+ // The way to do that RIGHT is do
(orientation-dependent) clipping before
+ // doing this transform, but it's hardly possible.
+ // SEE SDL_mouse.c /ClipOffset to understand these calculations.
if (!SDL_VideoSurface)
- rotatedX = SDL_VideoSurface->w - *y;
+ rotatedX = (2 *
+ SDL_VideoSurface->format->BytesPerPixel))
+ + SDL_VideoSurface->w - *y;
rotatedY = *x;
*x = rotatedX;
*y = rotatedY;
@@ -172,7 +184,8 @@
if (!SDL_VideoSurface)
rotatedX = *y;
- rotatedY = SDL_VideoSurface->h - *x;
+ rotatedY = (2 *
+ + SDL_VideoSurface->h - *x;
*x = rotatedX;
*y = rotatedY;
!! That's the trickest part, hence the long comment.
!! GAPI would really support only 320x240 or 640x480 mode, if application
!! requested the different screen size (as POWDER did, wishing
256x192), then SDL
!! is going to grab the first mode that fits the requested, and pad the screen
!! with black bars (as they do with wide-screen films).
!! It would also get, say, 240x320 mode, and to turn it into 256x192 it would
!! need to rotate mouse clicks.
!! It worked, but one bug slipped through: it would receive mouse clicks
!! unpadded, then rotate them, and then pad the black bars. The
problem is: rotate
!! is done by GAPI driver while padding is done by SDL core. SDL core
doesn't know
!! anything about rotating, so it would pad one of dimensions incorrectly.

I understand that some of my claims (or code) might seem unbacked, but you can
always grab the POWDER binary, compile your own libsdl with one or more of
those fixes turned off, and see how weird it would misbehave. I can even supply
you with those custom builds of libsdl if you don't want to set up the build
environment for windows ce, you'll just need a PDA or a smartphone with it.

I plan to take care of SDL on Windows CE as long as I maintain the POWDER port.
POWDER is good for that because it:
Employs both padded (with centered image, black bars) and unpadded
(image occupies full screen) graphics; initializes video more than
once; uses both 320x240 and 640x480 video; uses both stylus and

There's still a list of unresolved issues which I'm planning to fix:
1) Arrow buttons on PDA return weird scancodes compared to PC, this
caused the game to misbehave before I've fixed that. You can see it on
those diagrams:
2) SDL (or underlying windows) doesn't care to rotate arrow presses
when we're in a low-res GAPI mode, but it will rotate them in VGA mode
(because of different screen orientations, the same arrow buttons can
suddently mean different directions). Solution: we should stick to
GAPI user orientation (the orientation the program supposedly wants)
and rotate the keys on our own.
SDL mailing list

Wed, 05 Nov 2008 20:08:17 +0000Aranym now has Joypad emulation. Also mask bits for joypad state, for bits only used for buttons, to avoid generating events when dummy bits are set SDL-1.2
Patrice Mandin [Wed, 05 Nov 2008 20:08:17 +0000] rev 4156
Aranym now has Joypad emulation. Also mask bits for joypad state, for bits only used for buttons, to avoid generating events when dummy bits are set

Mon, 13 Oct 2008 20:50:20 +0000Disable Xbios video driver if FVDI present, but still allow it to be used when setting SDL_VIDEODRIVER SDL-1.2
Patrice Mandin [Mon, 13 Oct 2008 20:50:20 +0000] rev 4155
Disable Xbios video driver if FVDI present, but still allow it to be used when setting SDL_VIDEODRIVER

Mon, 15 Sep 2008 20:47:55 +0000Correct fix for Bugzilla #602. SDL-1.2
Ryan C. Gordon [Mon, 15 Sep 2008 20:47:55 +0000] rev 4154
Correct fix for Bugzilla #602.

Mon, 15 Sep 2008 05:08:53 +0000Whoops, forgot the semicolon. :/ SDL-1.2
Ryan C. Gordon [Mon, 15 Sep 2008 05:08:53 +0000] rev 4153
Whoops, forgot the semicolon. :/

Sun, 14 Sep 2008 21:45:04 +0000Deal with ELF underscores on Solaris with Sun Studio. SDL-1.2
Ryan C. Gordon [Sun, 14 Sep 2008 21:45:04 +0000] rev 4152
Deal with ELF underscores on Solaris with Sun Studio.

Fixes Bugzilla #595.

Mon, 08 Sep 2008 07:33:05 +0000Prevent crash from unaligned memory access on sparc64, etc. SDL-1.2
Ryan C. Gordon [Mon, 08 Sep 2008 07:33:05 +0000] rev 4151
Prevent crash from unaligned memory access on sparc64, etc.

Fixes Bugzilla #602. I suspect this will crash elsewhere if the system
actually had modelines to report, though.