IMG_jpg.c
author Sam Lantinga <slouken@libsdl.org>
Mon, 08 Dec 2008 00:27:32 +0000
changeset 186 5fbbeabf647f
parent 154 201cc5c1b373
child 204 dcb38b0e78a6
permissions -rw-r--r--
Updated copyright date
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/*
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    SDL_image:  An example image loading library for use with SDL
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    Copyright (C) 1997-2009 Sam Lantinga
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    This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
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    modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
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    License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
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    version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
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    This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
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    but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
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    MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
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    Lesser General Public License for more details.
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    You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
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    License along with this library; if not, write to the Free Software
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    Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA  02110-1301  USA
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    Sam Lantinga
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    slouken@libsdl.org
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*/
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/* This is a JPEG image file loading framework */
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#include <stdio.h>
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#include <string.h>
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#include <setjmp.h>
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#include "SDL_image.h"
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#ifdef LOAD_JPG
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#include <jpeglib.h>
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/* Define this for fast loading and not as good image quality */
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/*#define FAST_JPEG*/
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/* Define this for quicker (but less perfect) JPEG identification */
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#define FAST_IS_JPEG
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static struct {
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	int loaded;
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	void *handle;
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	void (*jpeg_calc_output_dimensions) (j_decompress_ptr cinfo);
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	void (*jpeg_CreateDecompress) (j_decompress_ptr cinfo, int version, size_t structsize);
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	void (*jpeg_destroy_decompress) (j_decompress_ptr cinfo);
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	boolean (*jpeg_finish_decompress) (j_decompress_ptr cinfo);
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	int (*jpeg_read_header) (j_decompress_ptr cinfo, boolean require_image);
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	JDIMENSION (*jpeg_read_scanlines) (j_decompress_ptr cinfo, JSAMPARRAY scanlines, JDIMENSION max_lines);
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	boolean (*jpeg_resync_to_restart) (j_decompress_ptr cinfo, int desired);
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	boolean (*jpeg_start_decompress) (j_decompress_ptr cinfo);
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	struct jpeg_error_mgr * (*jpeg_std_error) (struct jpeg_error_mgr * err);
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} lib;
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#ifdef LOAD_JPG_DYNAMIC
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int IMG_InitJPG()
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{
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	if ( lib.loaded == 0 ) {
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		lib.handle = SDL_LoadObject(LOAD_JPG_DYNAMIC);
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		if ( lib.handle == NULL ) {
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			return -1;
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		}
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		lib.jpeg_calc_output_dimensions =
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			(void (*) (j_decompress_ptr))
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			SDL_LoadFunction(lib.handle, "jpeg_calc_output_dimensions");
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		if ( lib.jpeg_calc_output_dimensions == NULL ) {
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			SDL_UnloadObject(lib.handle);
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			return -1;
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		}
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		lib.jpeg_CreateDecompress = 
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			(void (*) (j_decompress_ptr, int, size_t))
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			SDL_LoadFunction(lib.handle, "jpeg_CreateDecompress");
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		if ( lib.jpeg_CreateDecompress == NULL ) {
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			SDL_UnloadObject(lib.handle);
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			return -1;
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		}
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		lib.jpeg_destroy_decompress = 
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			(void (*) (j_decompress_ptr))
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			SDL_LoadFunction(lib.handle, "jpeg_destroy_decompress");
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		if ( lib.jpeg_destroy_decompress == NULL ) {
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			SDL_UnloadObject(lib.handle);
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			return -1;
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		}
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		lib.jpeg_finish_decompress = 
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			(boolean (*) (j_decompress_ptr))
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			SDL_LoadFunction(lib.handle, "jpeg_finish_decompress");
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		if ( lib.jpeg_finish_decompress == NULL ) {
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			SDL_UnloadObject(lib.handle);
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			return -1;
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		}
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		lib.jpeg_read_header = 
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			(int (*) (j_decompress_ptr, boolean))
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			SDL_LoadFunction(lib.handle, "jpeg_read_header");
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		if ( lib.jpeg_read_header == NULL ) {
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			SDL_UnloadObject(lib.handle);
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			return -1;
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		}
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		lib.jpeg_read_scanlines = 
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			(JDIMENSION (*) (j_decompress_ptr, JSAMPARRAY, JDIMENSION))
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			SDL_LoadFunction(lib.handle, "jpeg_read_scanlines");
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		if ( lib.jpeg_read_scanlines == NULL ) {
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			SDL_UnloadObject(lib.handle);
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			return -1;
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		}
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		lib.jpeg_resync_to_restart = 
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			(boolean (*) (j_decompress_ptr, int))
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			SDL_LoadFunction(lib.handle, "jpeg_resync_to_restart");
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		if ( lib.jpeg_resync_to_restart == NULL ) {
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			SDL_UnloadObject(lib.handle);
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			return -1;
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		}
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		lib.jpeg_start_decompress = 
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			(boolean (*) (j_decompress_ptr))
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			SDL_LoadFunction(lib.handle, "jpeg_start_decompress");
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		if ( lib.jpeg_start_decompress == NULL ) {
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			SDL_UnloadObject(lib.handle);
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			return -1;
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		}
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		lib.jpeg_std_error = 
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			(struct jpeg_error_mgr * (*) (struct jpeg_error_mgr *))
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			SDL_LoadFunction(lib.handle, "jpeg_std_error");
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		if ( lib.jpeg_std_error == NULL ) {
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			SDL_UnloadObject(lib.handle);
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			return -1;
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		}
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	}
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	++lib.loaded;
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	return 0;
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}
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void IMG_QuitJPG()
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{
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	if ( lib.loaded == 0 ) {
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		return;
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	}
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	if ( lib.loaded == 1 ) {
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		SDL_UnloadObject(lib.handle);
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	}
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	--lib.loaded;
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}
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#else
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int IMG_InitJPG()
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{
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	if ( lib.loaded == 0 ) {
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		lib.jpeg_calc_output_dimensions = jpeg_calc_output_dimensions;
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		lib.jpeg_CreateDecompress = jpeg_CreateDecompress;
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		lib.jpeg_destroy_decompress = jpeg_destroy_decompress;
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		lib.jpeg_finish_decompress = jpeg_finish_decompress;
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		lib.jpeg_read_header = jpeg_read_header;
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		lib.jpeg_read_scanlines = jpeg_read_scanlines;
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		lib.jpeg_resync_to_restart = jpeg_resync_to_restart;
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		lib.jpeg_start_decompress = jpeg_start_decompress;
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		lib.jpeg_std_error = jpeg_std_error;
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	}
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	++lib.loaded;
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	return 0;
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}
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void IMG_QuitJPG()
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{
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	if ( lib.loaded == 0 ) {
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		return;
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	}
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	if ( lib.loaded == 1 ) {
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	}
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	--lib.loaded;
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}
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#endif /* LOAD_JPG_DYNAMIC */
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/* See if an image is contained in a data source */
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int IMG_isJPG(SDL_RWops *src)
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{
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	int start;
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	int is_JPG;
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	int in_scan;
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	Uint8 magic[4];
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	/* This detection code is by Steaphan Greene <stea@cs.binghamton.edu> */
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	/* Blame me, not Sam, if this doesn't work right. */
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	/* And don't forget to report the problem to the the sdl list too! */
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	if ( !src )
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		return 0;
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	start = SDL_RWtell(src);
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	is_JPG = 0;
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	in_scan = 0;
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	if ( SDL_RWread(src, magic, 2, 1) ) {
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		if ( (magic[0] == 0xFF) && (magic[1] == 0xD8) ) {
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			is_JPG = 1;
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			while (is_JPG == 1) {
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				if(SDL_RWread(src, magic, 1, 2) != 2) {
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					is_JPG = 0;
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				} else if( (magic[0] != 0xFF) && (in_scan == 0) ) {
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					is_JPG = 0;
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				} else if( (magic[0] != 0xFF) || (magic[1] == 0xFF) ) {
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					/* Extra padding in JPEG (legal) */
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					/* or this is data and we are scanning */
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					SDL_RWseek(src, -1, SEEK_CUR);
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				} else if(magic[1] == 0xD9) {
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					/* Got to end of good JPEG */
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					break;
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				} else if( (in_scan == 1) && (magic[1] == 0x00) ) {
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					/* This is an encoded 0xFF within the data */
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				} else if( (magic[1] >= 0xD0) && (magic[1] < 0xD9) ) {
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					/* These have nothing else */
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				} else if(SDL_RWread(src, magic+2, 1, 2) != 2) {
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					is_JPG = 0;
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				} else {
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					/* Yes, it's big-endian */
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					Uint32 start;
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					Uint32 size;
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					Uint32 end;
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					start = SDL_RWtell(src);
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					size = (magic[2] << 8) + magic[3];
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					end = SDL_RWseek(src, size-2, SEEK_CUR);
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					if ( end != start + size - 2 ) is_JPG = 0;
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					if ( magic[1] == 0xDA ) {
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						/* Now comes the actual JPEG meat */
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#ifdef	FAST_IS_JPEG
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						/* Ok, I'm convinced.  It is a JPEG. */
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						break;
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#else
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						/* I'm not convinced.  Prove it! */
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						in_scan = 1;
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#endif
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					}
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				}
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			}
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		}
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	}
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	SDL_RWseek(src, start, SEEK_SET);
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	return(is_JPG);
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}
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#define INPUT_BUFFER_SIZE	4096
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typedef struct {
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	struct jpeg_source_mgr pub;
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	SDL_RWops *ctx;
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	Uint8 buffer[INPUT_BUFFER_SIZE];
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} my_source_mgr;
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/*
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 * Initialize source --- called by jpeg_read_header
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 * before any data is actually read.
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 */
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static void init_source (j_decompress_ptr cinfo)
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{
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	/* We don't actually need to do anything */
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	return;
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}
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/*
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 * Fill the input buffer --- called whenever buffer is emptied.
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 */
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static int fill_input_buffer (j_decompress_ptr cinfo)
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{
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	my_source_mgr * src = (my_source_mgr *) cinfo->src;
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	int nbytes;
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	nbytes = SDL_RWread(src->ctx, src->buffer, 1, INPUT_BUFFER_SIZE);
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	if (nbytes <= 0) {
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		/* Insert a fake EOI marker */
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		src->buffer[0] = (Uint8) 0xFF;
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		src->buffer[1] = (Uint8) JPEG_EOI;
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		nbytes = 2;
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	}
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	src->pub.next_input_byte = src->buffer;
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	src->pub.bytes_in_buffer = nbytes;
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	return TRUE;
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}
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/*
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 * Skip data --- used to skip over a potentially large amount of
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 * uninteresting data (such as an APPn marker).
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 *
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 * Writers of suspendable-input applications must note that skip_input_data
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 * is not granted the right to give a suspension return.  If the skip extends
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 * beyond the data currently in the buffer, the buffer can be marked empty so
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 * that the next read will cause a fill_input_buffer call that can suspend.
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 * Arranging for additional bytes to be discarded before reloading the input
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 * buffer is the application writer's problem.
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 */
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static void skip_input_data (j_decompress_ptr cinfo, long num_bytes)
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{
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	my_source_mgr * src = (my_source_mgr *) cinfo->src;
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	/* Just a dumb implementation for now.	Could use fseek() except
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	 * it doesn't work on pipes.  Not clear that being smart is worth
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	 * any trouble anyway --- large skips are infrequent.
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	 */
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	if (num_bytes > 0) {
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		while (num_bytes > (long) src->pub.bytes_in_buffer) {
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			num_bytes -= (long) src->pub.bytes_in_buffer;
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			(void) src->pub.fill_input_buffer(cinfo);
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			/* note we assume that fill_input_buffer will never
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			 * return FALSE, so suspension need not be handled.
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			 */
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		}
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		src->pub.next_input_byte += (size_t) num_bytes;
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		src->pub.bytes_in_buffer -= (size_t) num_bytes;
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	}
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}
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/*
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 * Terminate source --- called by jpeg_finish_decompress
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 * after all data has been read.
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 */
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static void term_source (j_decompress_ptr cinfo)
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{
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	/* We don't actually need to do anything */
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	return;
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}
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/*
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 * Prepare for input from a stdio stream.
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 * The caller must have already opened the stream, and is responsible
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 * for closing it after finishing decompression.
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 */
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static void jpeg_SDL_RW_src (j_decompress_ptr cinfo, SDL_RWops *ctx)
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{
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  my_source_mgr *src;
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  /* The source object and input buffer are made permanent so that a series
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   * of JPEG images can be read from the same file by calling jpeg_stdio_src
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   * only before the first one.  (If we discarded the buffer at the end of
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   * one image, we'd likely lose the start of the next one.)
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   * This makes it unsafe to use this manager and a different source
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   * manager serially with the same JPEG object.  Caveat programmer.
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   */
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  if (cinfo->src == NULL) {	/* first time for this JPEG object? */
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    cinfo->src = (struct jpeg_source_mgr *)
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      (*cinfo->mem->alloc_small) ((j_common_ptr) cinfo, JPOOL_PERMANENT,
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				  sizeof(my_source_mgr));
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    src = (my_source_mgr *) cinfo->src;
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  }
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  src = (my_source_mgr *) cinfo->src;
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  src->pub.init_source = init_source;
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  src->pub.fill_input_buffer = fill_input_buffer;
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  src->pub.skip_input_data = skip_input_data;
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  src->pub.resync_to_restart = lib.jpeg_resync_to_restart; /* use default method */
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  src->pub.term_source = term_source;
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  src->ctx = ctx;
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  src->pub.bytes_in_buffer = 0; /* forces fill_input_buffer on first read */
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  src->pub.next_input_byte = NULL; /* until buffer loaded */
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}
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struct my_error_mgr {
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	struct jpeg_error_mgr errmgr;
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   353
	jmp_buf escape;
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   354
};
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   355
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   356
static void my_error_exit(j_common_ptr cinfo)
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   357
{
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   358
	struct my_error_mgr *err = (struct my_error_mgr *)cinfo->err;
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   359
	longjmp(err->escape, 1);
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   360
}
slouken@61
   361
slouken@61
   362
static void output_no_message(j_common_ptr cinfo)
slouken@61
   363
{
slouken@61
   364
	/* do nothing */
slouken@61
   365
}
slouken@61
   366
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   367
/* Load a JPEG type image from an SDL datasource */
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   368
SDL_Surface *IMG_LoadJPG_RW(SDL_RWops *src)
slouken@0
   369
{
slouken@118
   370
	int start;
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   371
	struct jpeg_decompress_struct cinfo;
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   372
	JSAMPROW rowptr[1];
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   373
	SDL_Surface *volatile surface = NULL;
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   374
	struct my_error_mgr jerr;
slouken@0
   375
slouken@98
   376
	if ( !src ) {
slouken@98
   377
		/* The error message has been set in SDL_RWFromFile */
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   378
		return NULL;
slouken@98
   379
	}
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   380
	start = SDL_RWtell(src);
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   381
slouken@143
   382
	if ( IMG_InitJPG() < 0 ) {
slouken@143
   383
		return NULL;
slouken@143
   384
	}
slouken@143
   385
slouken@0
   386
	/* Create a decompression structure and load the JPEG header */
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   387
	cinfo.err = lib.jpeg_std_error(&jerr.errmgr);
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   388
	jerr.errmgr.error_exit = my_error_exit;
slouken@61
   389
	jerr.errmgr.output_message = output_no_message;
slouken@61
   390
	if(setjmp(jerr.escape)) {
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   391
		/* If we get here, libjpeg found an error */
slouken@143
   392
		lib.jpeg_destroy_decompress(&cinfo);
slouken@118
   393
		if ( surface != NULL ) {
slouken@118
   394
			SDL_FreeSurface(surface);
slouken@118
   395
		}
slouken@118
   396
		SDL_RWseek(src, start, SEEK_SET);
slouken@143
   397
		IMG_QuitJPG();
slouken@61
   398
		IMG_SetError("JPEG loading error");
slouken@61
   399
		return NULL;
slouken@61
   400
	}
slouken@61
   401
slouken@143
   402
	lib.jpeg_create_decompress(&cinfo);
slouken@0
   403
	jpeg_SDL_RW_src(&cinfo, src);
slouken@143
   404
	lib.jpeg_read_header(&cinfo, TRUE);
slouken@0
   405
slouken@123
   406
	if(cinfo.num_components == 4) {
slouken@123
   407
		/* Set 32-bit Raw output */
slouken@123
   408
		cinfo.out_color_space = JCS_CMYK;
slouken@123
   409
		cinfo.quantize_colors = FALSE;
slouken@143
   410
		lib.jpeg_calc_output_dimensions(&cinfo);
slouken@123
   411
slouken@123
   412
		/* Allocate an output surface to hold the image */
slouken@123
   413
		surface = SDL_AllocSurface(SDL_SWSURFACE,
slouken@123
   414
		        cinfo.output_width, cinfo.output_height, 32,
slouken@123
   415
#if SDL_BYTEORDER == SDL_LIL_ENDIAN
slouken@123
   416
		                   0x00FF0000, 0x0000FF00, 0x000000FF, 0xFF000000);
slouken@123
   417
#else
slouken@123
   418
		                   0x0000FF00, 0x00FF0000, 0xFF000000, 0x000000FF);
slouken@123
   419
#endif
slouken@123
   420
	} else {
slouken@123
   421
		/* Set 24-bit RGB output */
slouken@123
   422
		cinfo.out_color_space = JCS_RGB;
slouken@123
   423
		cinfo.quantize_colors = FALSE;
slouken@0
   424
#ifdef FAST_JPEG
slouken@123
   425
		cinfo.scale_num   = 1;
slouken@123
   426
		cinfo.scale_denom = 1;
slouken@123
   427
		cinfo.dct_method = JDCT_FASTEST;
slouken@123
   428
		cinfo.do_fancy_upsampling = FALSE;
slouken@0
   429
#endif
slouken@143
   430
		lib.jpeg_calc_output_dimensions(&cinfo);
slouken@0
   431
slouken@123
   432
		/* Allocate an output surface to hold the image */
slouken@123
   433
		surface = SDL_AllocSurface(SDL_SWSURFACE,
slouken@123
   434
		        cinfo.output_width, cinfo.output_height, 24,
slouken@0
   435
#if SDL_BYTEORDER == SDL_LIL_ENDIAN
slouken@123
   436
		                   0x0000FF, 0x00FF00, 0xFF0000,
slouken@0
   437
#else
slouken@123
   438
		                   0xFF0000, 0x00FF00, 0x0000FF,
slouken@0
   439
#endif
slouken@123
   440
		                   0);
slouken@123
   441
	}
slouken@123
   442
slouken@0
   443
	if ( surface == NULL ) {
slouken@143
   444
		lib.jpeg_destroy_decompress(&cinfo);
slouken@118
   445
		SDL_RWseek(src, start, SEEK_SET);
slouken@143
   446
		IMG_QuitJPG();
slouken@0
   447
		IMG_SetError("Out of memory");
slouken@118
   448
		return NULL;
slouken@0
   449
	}
slouken@0
   450
slouken@0
   451
	/* Decompress the image */
slouken@143
   452
	lib.jpeg_start_decompress(&cinfo);
slouken@0
   453
	while ( cinfo.output_scanline < cinfo.output_height ) {
slouken@0
   454
		rowptr[0] = (JSAMPROW)(Uint8 *)surface->pixels +
slouken@0
   455
		                    cinfo.output_scanline * surface->pitch;
slouken@143
   456
		lib.jpeg_read_scanlines(&cinfo, rowptr, (JDIMENSION) 1);
slouken@0
   457
	}
slouken@143
   458
	lib.jpeg_finish_decompress(&cinfo);
slouken@143
   459
	lib.jpeg_destroy_decompress(&cinfo);
slouken@143
   460
slouken@143
   461
	IMG_QuitJPG();
slouken@0
   462
slouken@0
   463
	return(surface);
slouken@0
   464
}
slouken@0
   465
slouken@0
   466
#else
slouken@0
   467
slouken@0
   468
/* See if an image is contained in a data source */
slouken@0
   469
int IMG_isJPG(SDL_RWops *src)
slouken@0
   470
{
slouken@0
   471
	return(0);
slouken@0
   472
}
slouken@0
   473
slouken@0
   474
/* Load a JPEG type image from an SDL datasource */
slouken@0
   475
SDL_Surface *IMG_LoadJPG_RW(SDL_RWops *src)
slouken@0
   476
{
slouken@0
   477
	return(NULL);
slouken@0
   478
}
slouken@0
   479
slouken@0
   480
#endif /* LOAD_JPG */