include/SDL_video.h
author Sam Lantinga <slouken@libsdl.org>
Sat, 20 May 2006 04:35:58 +0000
branchSDL-1.3
changeset 1660 8b9d79e7eacf
parent 1658 e49147870aac
child 1662 782fd950bd46
permissions -rw-r--r--
Added API requested in bug #43:

Added SDL_GetNumVideoDrivers() and SDL_GetVideoDriver().
Replaced SDL_VideoDriverName() with SDL_GetCurrentVideoDriver()
Added SDL_GetNumAudioDrivers() and SDL_GetAudioDriver().
Replaced SDL_AudioDriverName() with SDL_GetCurrentAudioDriver()
     1 /*
     2     SDL - Simple DirectMedia Layer
     3     Copyright (C) 1997-2006 Sam Lantinga
     4 
     5     This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
     6     modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
     7     License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
     8     version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
     9 
    10     This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
    11     but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
    12     MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
    13     Lesser General Public License for more details.
    14 
    15     You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
    16     License along with this library; if not, write to the Free Software
    17     Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA  02110-1301  USA
    18 
    19     Sam Lantinga
    20     slouken@libsdl.org
    21 */
    22 
    23 /* Header file for access to the SDL raw framebuffer window */
    24 
    25 #ifndef _SDL_video_h
    26 #define _SDL_video_h
    27 
    28 #include "SDL_stdinc.h"
    29 #include "SDL_error.h"
    30 #include "SDL_rwops.h"
    31 
    32 #include "begin_code.h"
    33 /* Set up for C function definitions, even when using C++ */
    34 #ifdef __cplusplus
    35 extern "C" {
    36 #endif
    37 
    38 /* Transparency definitions: These define alpha as the opacity of a surface */
    39 #define SDL_ALPHA_OPAQUE 255
    40 #define SDL_ALPHA_TRANSPARENT 0
    41 
    42 /* Useful data types */
    43 typedef struct SDL_Rect {
    44 	Sint16 x, y;
    45 	Uint16 w, h;
    46 } SDL_Rect;
    47 
    48 typedef struct SDL_Color {
    49 	Uint8 r;
    50 	Uint8 g;
    51 	Uint8 b;
    52 	Uint8 unused;
    53 } SDL_Color;
    54 #define SDL_Colour SDL_Color
    55 
    56 typedef struct SDL_Palette {
    57 	int       ncolors;
    58 	SDL_Color *colors;
    59 } SDL_Palette;
    60 
    61 /* Everything in the pixel format structure is read-only */
    62 typedef struct SDL_PixelFormat {
    63 	SDL_Palette *palette;
    64 	Uint8  BitsPerPixel;
    65 	Uint8  BytesPerPixel;
    66 	Uint8  Rloss;
    67 	Uint8  Gloss;
    68 	Uint8  Bloss;
    69 	Uint8  Aloss;
    70 	Uint8  Rshift;
    71 	Uint8  Gshift;
    72 	Uint8  Bshift;
    73 	Uint8  Ashift;
    74 	Uint32 Rmask;
    75 	Uint32 Gmask;
    76 	Uint32 Bmask;
    77 	Uint32 Amask;
    78 
    79 	/* RGB color key information */
    80 	Uint32 colorkey;
    81 	/* Alpha value information (per-surface alpha) */
    82 	Uint8  alpha;
    83 } SDL_PixelFormat;
    84 
    85 /* This structure should be treated as read-only, except for 'pixels',
    86    which, if not NULL, contains the raw pixel data for the surface.
    87 */
    88 typedef struct SDL_Surface {
    89 	Uint32 flags;				/* Read-only */
    90 	SDL_PixelFormat *format;		/* Read-only */
    91 	int w, h;				/* Read-only */
    92 	Uint16 pitch;				/* Read-only */
    93 	void *pixels;				/* Read-write */
    94 	int offset;				/* Private */
    95 
    96 	/* Hardware-specific surface info */
    97 	struct private_hwdata *hwdata;
    98 
    99 	/* clipping information */
   100 	SDL_Rect clip_rect;			/* Read-only */
   101 	Uint32 unused1;				/* for binary compatibility */
   102 
   103 	/* Allow recursive locks */
   104 	Uint32 locked;				/* Private */
   105 
   106 	/* info for fast blit mapping to other surfaces */
   107 	struct SDL_BlitMap *map;		/* Private */
   108 
   109 	/* format version, bumped at every change to invalidate blit maps */
   110 	unsigned int format_version;		/* Private */
   111 
   112 	/* Reference count -- used when freeing surface */
   113 	int refcount;				/* Read-mostly */
   114 } SDL_Surface;
   115 
   116 /* These are the currently supported flags for the SDL_surface */
   117 /* Available for SDL_CreateRGBSurface() or SDL_SetVideoMode() */
   118 #define SDL_SWSURFACE	0x00000000	/* Surface is in system memory */
   119 #define SDL_HWSURFACE	0x00000001	/* Surface is in video memory */
   120 #define SDL_ASYNCBLIT	0x00000004	/* Use asynchronous blits if possible */
   121 /* Available for SDL_SetVideoMode() */
   122 #define SDL_ANYFORMAT	0x10000000	/* Allow any video depth/pixel-format */
   123 #define SDL_HWPALETTE	0x20000000	/* Surface has exclusive palette */
   124 #define SDL_DOUBLEBUF	0x40000000	/* Set up double-buffered video mode */
   125 #define SDL_FULLSCREEN	0x80000000	/* Surface is a full screen display */
   126 #define SDL_OPENGL      0x00000002      /* Create an OpenGL rendering context */
   127 #define SDL_INTERNALOPENGL 0x00000008   /* SDL uses OpenGL internally for this window */
   128 #define SDL_RESIZABLE	0x00000010	/* This video mode may be resized */
   129 #define SDL_NOFRAME	0x00000020	/* No window caption or edge frame */
   130 /* Used internally (read-only) */
   131 #define SDL_HWACCEL	0x00000100	/* Blit uses hardware acceleration */
   132 #define SDL_SRCCOLORKEY	0x00001000	/* Blit uses a source color key */
   133 #define SDL_RLEACCELOK	0x00002000	/* Private flag */
   134 #define SDL_RLEACCEL	0x00004000	/* Surface is RLE encoded */
   135 #define SDL_SRCALPHA	0x00010000	/* Blit uses source alpha blending */
   136 #define SDL_PREALLOC	0x01000000	/* Surface uses preallocated memory */
   137 
   138 /* Evaluates to true if the surface needs to be locked before access */
   139 #define SDL_MUSTLOCK(surface)	\
   140   (surface->offset ||		\
   141   ((surface->flags & (SDL_HWSURFACE|SDL_ASYNCBLIT|SDL_RLEACCEL)) != 0))
   142 
   143 /* typedef for private surface blitting functions */
   144 typedef int (*SDL_blit)(struct SDL_Surface *src, SDL_Rect *srcrect,
   145 			struct SDL_Surface *dst, SDL_Rect *dstrect);
   146 
   147 
   148 /* Useful for determining the video hardware capabilities */
   149 typedef struct SDL_VideoInfo {
   150 	Uint32 hw_available :1;	/* Flag: Can you create hardware surfaces? */
   151 	Uint32 wm_available :1;	/* Flag: Can you talk to a window manager? */
   152 	Uint32 UnusedBits1  :6;
   153 	Uint32 UnusedBits2  :1;
   154 	Uint32 blit_hw      :1;	/* Flag: Accelerated blits HW --> HW */
   155 	Uint32 blit_hw_CC   :1;	/* Flag: Accelerated blits with Colorkey */
   156 	Uint32 blit_hw_A    :1;	/* Flag: Accelerated blits with Alpha */
   157 	Uint32 blit_sw      :1;	/* Flag: Accelerated blits SW --> HW */
   158 	Uint32 blit_sw_CC   :1;	/* Flag: Accelerated blits with Colorkey */
   159 	Uint32 blit_sw_A    :1;	/* Flag: Accelerated blits with Alpha */
   160 	Uint32 blit_fill    :1;	/* Flag: Accelerated color fill */
   161 	Uint32 UnusedBits3  :16;
   162 	Uint32 video_mem;	/* The total amount of video memory (in K) */
   163 	SDL_PixelFormat *vfmt;	/* Value: The format of the video surface */
   164 	int    current_w;	/* Value: The current video mode width */
   165 	int    current_h;	/* Value: The current video mode height */
   166 } SDL_VideoInfo;
   167 
   168 
   169 /* The most common video overlay formats.
   170    For an explanation of these pixel formats, see:
   171 	http://www.webartz.com/fourcc/indexyuv.htm
   172 
   173    For information on the relationship between color spaces, see:
   174    http://www.neuro.sfc.keio.ac.jp/~aly/polygon/info/color-space-faq.html
   175  */
   176 #define SDL_YV12_OVERLAY  0x32315659	/* Planar mode: Y + V + U  (3 planes) */
   177 #define SDL_IYUV_OVERLAY  0x56555949	/* Planar mode: Y + U + V  (3 planes) */
   178 #define SDL_YUY2_OVERLAY  0x32595559	/* Packed mode: Y0+U0+Y1+V0 (1 plane) */
   179 #define SDL_UYVY_OVERLAY  0x59565955	/* Packed mode: U0+Y0+V0+Y1 (1 plane) */
   180 #define SDL_YVYU_OVERLAY  0x55595659	/* Packed mode: Y0+V0+Y1+U0 (1 plane) */
   181 
   182 /* The YUV hardware video overlay */
   183 typedef struct SDL_Overlay {
   184 	Uint32 format;				/* Read-only */
   185 	int w, h;				/* Read-only */
   186 	int planes;				/* Read-only */
   187 	Uint16 *pitches;			/* Read-only */
   188 	Uint8 **pixels;				/* Read-write */
   189 
   190 	/* Hardware-specific surface info */
   191 	struct private_yuvhwfuncs *hwfuncs;
   192 	struct private_yuvhwdata *hwdata;
   193 
   194 	/* Special flags */
   195 	Uint32 hw_overlay :1;	/* Flag: This overlay hardware accelerated? */
   196 	Uint32 UnusedBits :31;
   197 } SDL_Overlay;
   198 
   199 
   200 /* Public enumeration for setting the OpenGL window attributes. */
   201 typedef enum {
   202     SDL_GL_RED_SIZE,
   203     SDL_GL_GREEN_SIZE,
   204     SDL_GL_BLUE_SIZE,
   205     SDL_GL_ALPHA_SIZE,
   206     SDL_GL_BUFFER_SIZE,
   207     SDL_GL_DOUBLEBUFFER,
   208     SDL_GL_DEPTH_SIZE,
   209     SDL_GL_STENCIL_SIZE,
   210     SDL_GL_ACCUM_RED_SIZE,
   211     SDL_GL_ACCUM_GREEN_SIZE,
   212     SDL_GL_ACCUM_BLUE_SIZE,
   213     SDL_GL_ACCUM_ALPHA_SIZE,
   214     SDL_GL_STEREO,
   215     SDL_GL_MULTISAMPLEBUFFERS,
   216     SDL_GL_MULTISAMPLESAMPLES,
   217     SDL_GL_ACCELERATED_VISUAL,
   218     SDL_GL_SWAP_CONTROL
   219 } SDL_GLattr;
   220 
   221 /* flags for SDL_SetPalette() */
   222 #define SDL_LOGPAL 0x01
   223 #define SDL_PHYSPAL 0x02
   224 
   225 /* Function prototypes */
   226 
   227 /* These functions return the list of built in video drivers, in the 
   228  * order that they are normally initialized by default.
   229  */
   230 extern DECLSPEC int SDLCALL SDL_GetNumVideoDrivers(void);
   231 extern DECLSPEC const char * SDLCALL SDL_GetVideoDriver(int index);
   232 
   233 /* These functions are used internally, and should not be used unless you
   234  * have a specific need to specify the video driver you want to use.
   235  * You should normally use SDL_Init() or SDL_InitSubSystem().
   236  *
   237  * SDL_VideoInit() initializes the video subsystem -- sets up a connection
   238  * to the window manager, etc, and determines the current video mode and
   239  * pixel format, but does not initialize a window or graphics mode.
   240  * Note that event handling is activated by this routine.
   241  *
   242  * If you use both sound and video in your application, you need to call
   243  * SDL_Init() before opening the sound device, otherwise under Win32 DirectX,
   244  * you won't be able to set full-screen display modes.
   245  */
   246 extern DECLSPEC int SDLCALL SDL_VideoInit(const char *driver_name, Uint32 flags);
   247 extern DECLSPEC void SDLCALL SDL_VideoQuit(void);
   248 
   249 /* This function returns the name of the current video driver, or NULL
   250  * if no driver has been initialized.
   251  */
   252 extern DECLSPEC const char * SDLCALL SDL_GetCurrentVideoDriver(void);
   253 
   254 /*
   255  * This function returns a pointer to the current display surface.
   256  * If SDL is doing format conversion on the display surface, this
   257  * function returns the publicly visible surface, not the real video
   258  * surface.
   259  */
   260 extern DECLSPEC SDL_Surface * SDLCALL SDL_GetVideoSurface(void);
   261 
   262 /*
   263  * This function returns a read-only pointer to information about the
   264  * video hardware.  If this is called before SDL_SetVideoMode(), the 'vfmt'
   265  * member of the returned structure will contain the pixel format of the
   266  * "best" video mode.
   267  */
   268 extern DECLSPEC const SDL_VideoInfo * SDLCALL SDL_GetVideoInfo(void);
   269 
   270 /* 
   271  * Check to see if a particular video mode is supported.
   272  * It returns 0 if the requested mode is not supported under any bit depth,
   273  * or returns the bits-per-pixel of the closest available mode with the
   274  * given width and height.  If this bits-per-pixel is different from the
   275  * one used when setting the video mode, SDL_SetVideoMode() will succeed,
   276  * but will emulate the requested bits-per-pixel with a shadow surface.
   277  *
   278  * The arguments to SDL_VideoModeOK() are the same ones you would pass to
   279  * SDL_SetVideoMode()
   280  */
   281 extern DECLSPEC int SDLCALL SDL_VideoModeOK(int width, int height, int bpp, Uint32 flags);
   282 
   283 /*
   284  * Return a pointer to an array of available screen dimensions for the
   285  * given format and video flags, sorted largest to smallest.  Returns 
   286  * NULL if there are no dimensions available for a particular format, 
   287  * or (SDL_Rect **)-1 if any dimension is okay for the given format.
   288  *
   289  * If 'format' is NULL, the mode list will be for the format given 
   290  * by SDL_GetVideoInfo()->vfmt
   291  */
   292 extern DECLSPEC SDL_Rect ** SDLCALL SDL_ListModes(SDL_PixelFormat *format, Uint32 flags);
   293 
   294 /*
   295  * Set up a video mode with the specified width, height and bits-per-pixel.
   296  *
   297  * If 'bpp' is 0, it is treated as the current display bits per pixel.
   298  *
   299  * If SDL_ANYFORMAT is set in 'flags', the SDL library will try to set the
   300  * requested bits-per-pixel, but will return whatever video pixel format is
   301  * available.  The default is to emulate the requested pixel format if it
   302  * is not natively available.
   303  *
   304  * If SDL_HWSURFACE is set in 'flags', the video surface will be placed in
   305  * video memory, if possible, and you may have to call SDL_LockSurface()
   306  * in order to access the raw framebuffer.  Otherwise, the video surface
   307  * will be created in system memory.
   308  *
   309  * If SDL_ASYNCBLIT is set in 'flags', SDL will try to perform rectangle
   310  * updates asynchronously, but you must always lock before accessing pixels.
   311  * SDL will wait for updates to complete before returning from the lock.
   312  *
   313  * If SDL_HWPALETTE is set in 'flags', the SDL library will guarantee
   314  * that the colors set by SDL_SetColors() will be the colors you get.
   315  * Otherwise, in 8-bit mode, SDL_SetColors() may not be able to set all
   316  * of the colors exactly the way they are requested, and you should look
   317  * at the video surface structure to determine the actual palette.
   318  * If SDL cannot guarantee that the colors you request can be set, 
   319  * i.e. if the colormap is shared, then the video surface may be created
   320  * under emulation in system memory, overriding the SDL_HWSURFACE flag.
   321  *
   322  * If SDL_FULLSCREEN is set in 'flags', the SDL library will try to set
   323  * a fullscreen video mode.  The default is to create a windowed mode
   324  * if the current graphics system has a window manager.
   325  * If the SDL library is able to set a fullscreen video mode, this flag 
   326  * will be set in the surface that is returned.
   327  *
   328  * If SDL_DOUBLEBUF is set in 'flags', the SDL library will try to set up
   329  * two surfaces in video memory and swap between them when you call 
   330  * SDL_Flip().  This is usually slower than the normal single-buffering
   331  * scheme, but prevents "tearing" artifacts caused by modifying video 
   332  * memory while the monitor is refreshing.  It should only be used by 
   333  * applications that redraw the entire screen on every update.
   334  *
   335  * If SDL_RESIZABLE is set in 'flags', the SDL library will allow the
   336  * window manager, if any, to resize the window at runtime.  When this
   337  * occurs, SDL will send a SDL_VIDEORESIZE event to you application,
   338  * and you must respond to the event by re-calling SDL_SetVideoMode()
   339  * with the requested size (or another size that suits the application).
   340  *
   341  * If SDL_NOFRAME is set in 'flags', the SDL library will create a window
   342  * without any title bar or frame decoration.  Fullscreen video modes have
   343  * this flag set automatically.
   344  *
   345  * This function returns the video framebuffer surface, or NULL if it fails.
   346  *
   347  * If you rely on functionality provided by certain video flags, check the
   348  * flags of the returned surface to make sure that functionality is available.
   349  * SDL will fall back to reduced functionality if the exact flags you wanted
   350  * are not available.
   351  */
   352 extern DECLSPEC SDL_Surface * SDLCALL SDL_SetVideoMode
   353 			(int width, int height, int bpp, Uint32 flags);
   354 
   355 /*
   356  * Makes sure the given list of rectangles is updated on the given screen.
   357  * If 'x', 'y', 'w' and 'h' are all 0, SDL_UpdateRect will update the entire
   358  * screen.
   359  * These functions should not be called while 'screen' is locked.
   360  */
   361 extern DECLSPEC void SDLCALL SDL_UpdateRects
   362 		(SDL_Surface *screen, int numrects, SDL_Rect *rects);
   363 extern DECLSPEC void SDLCALL SDL_UpdateRect
   364 		(SDL_Surface *screen, Sint32 x, Sint32 y, Uint32 w, Uint32 h);
   365 
   366 /*
   367  * On hardware that supports double-buffering, this function sets up a flip
   368  * and returns.  The hardware will wait for vertical retrace, and then swap
   369  * video buffers before the next video surface blit or lock will return.
   370  * On hardware that doesn not support double-buffering, this is equivalent
   371  * to calling SDL_UpdateRect(screen, 0, 0, 0, 0);
   372  * The SDL_DOUBLEBUF flag must have been passed to SDL_SetVideoMode() when
   373  * setting the video mode for this function to perform hardware flipping.
   374  * This function returns 0 if successful, or -1 if there was an error.
   375  */
   376 extern DECLSPEC int SDLCALL SDL_Flip(SDL_Surface *screen);
   377 
   378 /*
   379  * Set the gamma correction for each of the color channels.
   380  * The gamma values range (approximately) between 0.1 and 10.0
   381  * 
   382  * If this function isn't supported directly by the hardware, it will
   383  * be emulated using gamma ramps, if available.  If successful, this
   384  * function returns 0, otherwise it returns -1.
   385  */
   386 extern DECLSPEC int SDLCALL SDL_SetGamma(float red, float green, float blue);
   387 
   388 /*
   389  * Set the gamma translation table for the red, green, and blue channels
   390  * of the video hardware.  Each table is an array of 256 16-bit quantities,
   391  * representing a mapping between the input and output for that channel.
   392  * The input is the index into the array, and the output is the 16-bit
   393  * gamma value at that index, scaled to the output color precision.
   394  * 
   395  * You may pass NULL for any of the channels to leave it unchanged.
   396  * If the call succeeds, it will return 0.  If the display driver or
   397  * hardware does not support gamma translation, or otherwise fails,
   398  * this function will return -1.
   399  */
   400 extern DECLSPEC int SDLCALL SDL_SetGammaRamp(const Uint16 *red, const Uint16 *green, const Uint16 *blue);
   401 
   402 /*
   403  * Retrieve the current values of the gamma translation tables.
   404  * 
   405  * You must pass in valid pointers to arrays of 256 16-bit quantities.
   406  * Any of the pointers may be NULL to ignore that channel.
   407  * If the call succeeds, it will return 0.  If the display driver or
   408  * hardware does not support gamma translation, or otherwise fails,
   409  * this function will return -1.
   410  */
   411 extern DECLSPEC int SDLCALL SDL_GetGammaRamp(Uint16 *red, Uint16 *green, Uint16 *blue);
   412 
   413 /*
   414  * Sets a portion of the colormap for the given 8-bit surface.  If 'surface'
   415  * is not a palettized surface, this function does nothing, returning 0.
   416  * If all of the colors were set as passed to SDL_SetColors(), it will
   417  * return 1.  If not all the color entries were set exactly as given,
   418  * it will return 0, and you should look at the surface palette to
   419  * determine the actual color palette.
   420  *
   421  * When 'surface' is the surface associated with the current display, the
   422  * display colormap will be updated with the requested colors.  If 
   423  * SDL_HWPALETTE was set in SDL_SetVideoMode() flags, SDL_SetColors()
   424  * will always return 1, and the palette is guaranteed to be set the way
   425  * you desire, even if the window colormap has to be warped or run under
   426  * emulation.
   427  */
   428 extern DECLSPEC int SDLCALL SDL_SetColors(SDL_Surface *surface, 
   429 			SDL_Color *colors, int firstcolor, int ncolors);
   430 
   431 /*
   432  * Sets a portion of the colormap for a given 8-bit surface.
   433  * 'flags' is one or both of:
   434  * SDL_LOGPAL  -- set logical palette, which controls how blits are mapped
   435  *                to/from the surface,
   436  * SDL_PHYSPAL -- set physical palette, which controls how pixels look on
   437  *                the screen
   438  * Only screens have physical palettes. Separate change of physical/logical
   439  * palettes is only possible if the screen has SDL_HWPALETTE set.
   440  *
   441  * The return value is 1 if all colours could be set as requested, and 0
   442  * otherwise.
   443  *
   444  * SDL_SetColors() is equivalent to calling this function with
   445  *     flags = (SDL_LOGPAL|SDL_PHYSPAL).
   446  */
   447 extern DECLSPEC int SDLCALL SDL_SetPalette(SDL_Surface *surface, int flags,
   448 				   SDL_Color *colors, int firstcolor,
   449 				   int ncolors);
   450 
   451 /*
   452  * Maps an RGB triple to an opaque pixel value for a given pixel format
   453  */
   454 extern DECLSPEC Uint32 SDLCALL SDL_MapRGB
   455 			(SDL_PixelFormat *format, Uint8 r, Uint8 g, Uint8 b);
   456 
   457 /*
   458  * Maps an RGBA quadruple to a pixel value for a given pixel format
   459  */
   460 extern DECLSPEC Uint32 SDLCALL SDL_MapRGBA(SDL_PixelFormat *format,
   461 				   Uint8 r, Uint8 g, Uint8 b, Uint8 a);
   462 
   463 /*
   464  * Maps a pixel value into the RGB components for a given pixel format
   465  */
   466 extern DECLSPEC void SDLCALL SDL_GetRGB(Uint32 pixel, SDL_PixelFormat *fmt,
   467 				Uint8 *r, Uint8 *g, Uint8 *b);
   468 
   469 /*
   470  * Maps a pixel value into the RGBA components for a given pixel format
   471  */
   472 extern DECLSPEC void SDLCALL SDL_GetRGBA(Uint32 pixel, SDL_PixelFormat *fmt,
   473 				 Uint8 *r, Uint8 *g, Uint8 *b, Uint8 *a);
   474 
   475 /*
   476  * Allocate and free an RGB surface (must be called after SDL_SetVideoMode)
   477  * If the depth is 4 or 8 bits, an empty palette is allocated for the surface.
   478  * If the depth is greater than 8 bits, the pixel format is set using the
   479  * flags '[RGB]mask'.
   480  * If the function runs out of memory, it will return NULL.
   481  *
   482  * The 'flags' tell what kind of surface to create.
   483  * SDL_SWSURFACE means that the surface should be created in system memory.
   484  * SDL_HWSURFACE means that the surface should be created in video memory,
   485  * with the same format as the display surface.  This is useful for surfaces
   486  * that will not change much, to take advantage of hardware acceleration
   487  * when being blitted to the display surface.
   488  * SDL_ASYNCBLIT means that SDL will try to perform asynchronous blits with
   489  * this surface, but you must always lock it before accessing the pixels.
   490  * SDL will wait for current blits to finish before returning from the lock.
   491  * SDL_SRCCOLORKEY indicates that the surface will be used for colorkey blits.
   492  * If the hardware supports acceleration of colorkey blits between
   493  * two surfaces in video memory, SDL will try to place the surface in
   494  * video memory. If this isn't possible or if there is no hardware
   495  * acceleration available, the surface will be placed in system memory.
   496  * SDL_SRCALPHA means that the surface will be used for alpha blits and 
   497  * if the hardware supports hardware acceleration of alpha blits between
   498  * two surfaces in video memory, to place the surface in video memory
   499  * if possible, otherwise it will be placed in system memory.
   500  * If the surface is created in video memory, blits will be _much_ faster,
   501  * but the surface format must be identical to the video surface format,
   502  * and the only way to access the pixels member of the surface is to use
   503  * the SDL_LockSurface() and SDL_UnlockSurface() calls.
   504  * If the requested surface actually resides in video memory, SDL_HWSURFACE
   505  * will be set in the flags member of the returned surface.  If for some
   506  * reason the surface could not be placed in video memory, it will not have
   507  * the SDL_HWSURFACE flag set, and will be created in system memory instead.
   508  */
   509 #define SDL_AllocSurface    SDL_CreateRGBSurface
   510 extern DECLSPEC SDL_Surface * SDLCALL SDL_CreateRGBSurface
   511 			(Uint32 flags, int width, int height, int depth, 
   512 			Uint32 Rmask, Uint32 Gmask, Uint32 Bmask, Uint32 Amask);
   513 extern DECLSPEC SDL_Surface * SDLCALL SDL_CreateRGBSurfaceFrom(void *pixels,
   514 			int width, int height, int depth, int pitch,
   515 			Uint32 Rmask, Uint32 Gmask, Uint32 Bmask, Uint32 Amask);
   516 extern DECLSPEC void SDLCALL SDL_FreeSurface(SDL_Surface *surface);
   517 
   518 /*
   519  * SDL_LockSurface() sets up a surface for directly accessing the pixels.
   520  * Between calls to SDL_LockSurface()/SDL_UnlockSurface(), you can write
   521  * to and read from 'surface->pixels', using the pixel format stored in 
   522  * 'surface->format'.  Once you are done accessing the surface, you should 
   523  * use SDL_UnlockSurface() to release it.
   524  *
   525  * Not all surfaces require locking.  If SDL_MUSTLOCK(surface) evaluates
   526  * to 0, then you can read and write to the surface at any time, and the
   527  * pixel format of the surface will not change.  In particular, if the
   528  * SDL_HWSURFACE flag is not given when calling SDL_SetVideoMode(), you
   529  * will not need to lock the display surface before accessing it.
   530  * 
   531  * No operating system or library calls should be made between lock/unlock
   532  * pairs, as critical system locks may be held during this time.
   533  *
   534  * SDL_LockSurface() returns 0, or -1 if the surface couldn't be locked.
   535  */
   536 extern DECLSPEC int SDLCALL SDL_LockSurface(SDL_Surface *surface);
   537 extern DECLSPEC void SDLCALL SDL_UnlockSurface(SDL_Surface *surface);
   538 
   539 /*
   540  * Load a surface from a seekable SDL data source (memory or file.)
   541  * If 'freesrc' is non-zero, the source will be closed after being read.
   542  * Returns the new surface, or NULL if there was an error.
   543  * The new surface should be freed with SDL_FreeSurface().
   544  */
   545 extern DECLSPEC SDL_Surface * SDLCALL SDL_LoadBMP_RW(SDL_RWops *src, int freesrc);
   546 
   547 /* Convenience macro -- load a surface from a file */
   548 #define SDL_LoadBMP(file)	SDL_LoadBMP_RW(SDL_RWFromFile(file, "rb"), 1)
   549 
   550 /*
   551  * Save a surface to a seekable SDL data source (memory or file.)
   552  * If 'freedst' is non-zero, the source will be closed after being written.
   553  * Returns 0 if successful or -1 if there was an error.
   554  */
   555 extern DECLSPEC int SDLCALL SDL_SaveBMP_RW
   556 		(SDL_Surface *surface, SDL_RWops *dst, int freedst);
   557 
   558 /* Convenience macro -- save a surface to a file */
   559 #define SDL_SaveBMP(surface, file) \
   560 		SDL_SaveBMP_RW(surface, SDL_RWFromFile(file, "wb"), 1)
   561 
   562 /*
   563  * Sets the color key (transparent pixel) in a blittable surface.
   564  * If 'flag' is SDL_SRCCOLORKEY (optionally OR'd with SDL_RLEACCEL), 
   565  * 'key' will be the transparent pixel in the source image of a blit.
   566  * SDL_RLEACCEL requests RLE acceleration for the surface if present,
   567  * and removes RLE acceleration if absent.
   568  * If 'flag' is 0, this function clears any current color key.
   569  * This function returns 0, or -1 if there was an error.
   570  */
   571 extern DECLSPEC int SDLCALL SDL_SetColorKey
   572 			(SDL_Surface *surface, Uint32 flag, Uint32 key);
   573 
   574 /*
   575  * This function sets the alpha value for the entire surface, as opposed to
   576  * using the alpha component of each pixel. This value measures the range
   577  * of transparency of the surface, 0 being completely transparent to 255
   578  * being completely opaque. An 'alpha' value of 255 causes blits to be
   579  * opaque, the source pixels copied to the destination (the default). Note
   580  * that per-surface alpha can be combined with colorkey transparency.
   581  *
   582  * If 'flag' is 0, alpha blending is disabled for the surface.
   583  * If 'flag' is SDL_SRCALPHA, alpha blending is enabled for the surface.
   584  * OR:ing the flag with SDL_RLEACCEL requests RLE acceleration for the
   585  * surface; if SDL_RLEACCEL is not specified, the RLE accel will be removed.
   586  *
   587  * The 'alpha' parameter is ignored for surfaces that have an alpha channel.
   588  */
   589 extern DECLSPEC int SDLCALL SDL_SetAlpha(SDL_Surface *surface, Uint32 flag, Uint8 alpha);
   590 
   591 /*
   592  * Sets the clipping rectangle for the destination surface in a blit.
   593  *
   594  * If the clip rectangle is NULL, clipping will be disabled.
   595  * If the clip rectangle doesn't intersect the surface, the function will
   596  * return SDL_FALSE and blits will be completely clipped.  Otherwise the
   597  * function returns SDL_TRUE and blits to the surface will be clipped to
   598  * the intersection of the surface area and the clipping rectangle.
   599  *
   600  * Note that blits are automatically clipped to the edges of the source
   601  * and destination surfaces.
   602  */
   603 extern DECLSPEC SDL_bool SDLCALL SDL_SetClipRect(SDL_Surface *surface, const SDL_Rect *rect);
   604 
   605 /*
   606  * Gets the clipping rectangle for the destination surface in a blit.
   607  * 'rect' must be a pointer to a valid rectangle which will be filled
   608  * with the correct values.
   609  */
   610 extern DECLSPEC void SDLCALL SDL_GetClipRect(SDL_Surface *surface, SDL_Rect *rect);
   611 
   612 /*
   613  * Creates a new surface of the specified format, and then copies and maps 
   614  * the given surface to it so the blit of the converted surface will be as 
   615  * fast as possible.  If this function fails, it returns NULL.
   616  *
   617  * The 'flags' parameter is passed to SDL_CreateRGBSurface() and has those 
   618  * semantics.  You can also pass SDL_RLEACCEL in the flags parameter and
   619  * SDL will try to RLE accelerate colorkey and alpha blits in the resulting
   620  * surface.
   621  *
   622  * This function is used internally by SDL_DisplayFormat().
   623  */
   624 extern DECLSPEC SDL_Surface * SDLCALL SDL_ConvertSurface
   625 			(SDL_Surface *src, SDL_PixelFormat *fmt, Uint32 flags);
   626 
   627 /*
   628  * This performs a fast blit from the source surface to the destination
   629  * surface.  It assumes that the source and destination rectangles are
   630  * the same size.  If either 'srcrect' or 'dstrect' are NULL, the entire
   631  * surface (src or dst) is copied.  The final blit rectangles are saved
   632  * in 'srcrect' and 'dstrect' after all clipping is performed.
   633  * If the blit is successful, it returns 0, otherwise it returns -1.
   634  *
   635  * The blit function should not be called on a locked surface.
   636  *
   637  * The blit semantics for surfaces with and without alpha and colorkey
   638  * are defined as follows:
   639  *
   640  * RGBA->RGB:
   641  *     SDL_SRCALPHA set:
   642  * 	alpha-blend (using alpha-channel).
   643  * 	SDL_SRCCOLORKEY ignored.
   644  *     SDL_SRCALPHA not set:
   645  * 	copy RGB.
   646  * 	if SDL_SRCCOLORKEY set, only copy the pixels matching the
   647  * 	RGB values of the source colour key, ignoring alpha in the
   648  * 	comparison.
   649  * 
   650  * RGB->RGBA:
   651  *     SDL_SRCALPHA set:
   652  * 	alpha-blend (using the source per-surface alpha value);
   653  * 	set destination alpha to opaque.
   654  *     SDL_SRCALPHA not set:
   655  * 	copy RGB, set destination alpha to source per-surface alpha value.
   656  *     both:
   657  * 	if SDL_SRCCOLORKEY set, only copy the pixels matching the
   658  * 	source colour key.
   659  * 
   660  * RGBA->RGBA:
   661  *     SDL_SRCALPHA set:
   662  * 	alpha-blend (using the source alpha channel) the RGB values;
   663  * 	leave destination alpha untouched. [Note: is this correct?]
   664  * 	SDL_SRCCOLORKEY ignored.
   665  *     SDL_SRCALPHA not set:
   666  * 	copy all of RGBA to the destination.
   667  * 	if SDL_SRCCOLORKEY set, only copy the pixels matching the
   668  * 	RGB values of the source colour key, ignoring alpha in the
   669  * 	comparison.
   670  * 
   671  * RGB->RGB: 
   672  *     SDL_SRCALPHA set:
   673  * 	alpha-blend (using the source per-surface alpha value).
   674  *     SDL_SRCALPHA not set:
   675  * 	copy RGB.
   676  *     both:
   677  * 	if SDL_SRCCOLORKEY set, only copy the pixels matching the
   678  * 	source colour key.
   679  *
   680  * If either of the surfaces were in video memory, and the blit returns -2,
   681  * the video memory was lost, so it should be reloaded with artwork and 
   682  * re-blitted:
   683 	while ( SDL_BlitSurface(image, imgrect, screen, dstrect) == -2 ) {
   684 		while ( SDL_LockSurface(image) < 0 )
   685 			Sleep(10);
   686 		-- Write image pixels to image->pixels --
   687 		SDL_UnlockSurface(image);
   688 	}
   689  * This happens under DirectX 5.0 when the system switches away from your
   690  * fullscreen application.  The lock will also fail until you have access
   691  * to the video memory again.
   692  */
   693 /* You should call SDL_BlitSurface() unless you know exactly how SDL
   694    blitting works internally and how to use the other blit functions.
   695 */
   696 #define SDL_BlitSurface SDL_UpperBlit
   697 
   698 /* This is the public blit function, SDL_BlitSurface(), and it performs
   699    rectangle validation and clipping before passing it to SDL_LowerBlit()
   700 */
   701 extern DECLSPEC int SDLCALL SDL_UpperBlit
   702 			(SDL_Surface *src, SDL_Rect *srcrect,
   703 			 SDL_Surface *dst, SDL_Rect *dstrect);
   704 /* This is a semi-private blit function and it performs low-level surface
   705    blitting only.
   706 */
   707 extern DECLSPEC int SDLCALL SDL_LowerBlit
   708 			(SDL_Surface *src, SDL_Rect *srcrect,
   709 			 SDL_Surface *dst, SDL_Rect *dstrect);
   710 
   711 /*
   712  * This function performs a fast fill of the given rectangle with 'color'
   713  * The given rectangle is clipped to the destination surface clip area
   714  * and the final fill rectangle is saved in the passed in pointer.
   715  * If 'dstrect' is NULL, the whole surface will be filled with 'color'
   716  * The color should be a pixel of the format used by the surface, and 
   717  * can be generated by the SDL_MapRGB() function.
   718  * This function returns 0 on success, or -1 on error.
   719  */
   720 extern DECLSPEC int SDLCALL SDL_FillRect
   721 		(SDL_Surface *dst, SDL_Rect *dstrect, Uint32 color);
   722 
   723 /* 
   724  * This function takes a surface and copies it to a new surface of the
   725  * pixel format and colors of the video framebuffer, suitable for fast
   726  * blitting onto the display surface.  It calls SDL_ConvertSurface()
   727  *
   728  * If you want to take advantage of hardware colorkey or alpha blit
   729  * acceleration, you should set the colorkey and alpha value before
   730  * calling this function.
   731  *
   732  * If the conversion fails or runs out of memory, it returns NULL
   733  */
   734 extern DECLSPEC SDL_Surface * SDLCALL SDL_DisplayFormat(SDL_Surface *surface);
   735 
   736 /* 
   737  * This function takes a surface and copies it to a new surface of the
   738  * pixel format and colors of the video framebuffer (if possible),
   739  * suitable for fast alpha blitting onto the display surface.
   740  * The new surface will always have an alpha channel.
   741  *
   742  * If you want to take advantage of hardware colorkey or alpha blit
   743  * acceleration, you should set the colorkey and alpha value before
   744  * calling this function.
   745  *
   746  * If the conversion fails or runs out of memory, it returns NULL
   747  */
   748 extern DECLSPEC SDL_Surface * SDLCALL SDL_DisplayFormatAlpha(SDL_Surface *surface);
   749 
   750 
   751 /* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * */
   752 /* YUV video surface overlay functions                                       */
   753 /* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * */
   754 
   755 /* This function creates a video output overlay
   756    Calling the returned surface an overlay is something of a misnomer because
   757    the contents of the display surface underneath the area where the overlay
   758    is shown is undefined - it may be overwritten with the converted YUV data.
   759 */
   760 extern DECLSPEC SDL_Overlay * SDLCALL SDL_CreateYUVOverlay(int width, int height,
   761 				Uint32 format, SDL_Surface *display);
   762 
   763 /* Lock an overlay for direct access, and unlock it when you are done */
   764 extern DECLSPEC int SDLCALL SDL_LockYUVOverlay(SDL_Overlay *overlay);
   765 extern DECLSPEC void SDLCALL SDL_UnlockYUVOverlay(SDL_Overlay *overlay);
   766 
   767 /* Blit a video overlay to the display surface.
   768    The contents of the video surface underneath the blit destination are
   769    not defined.  
   770    The width and height of the destination rectangle may be different from
   771    that of the overlay, but currently only 2x scaling is supported.
   772 */
   773 extern DECLSPEC int SDLCALL SDL_DisplayYUVOverlay(SDL_Overlay *overlay, SDL_Rect *dstrect);
   774 
   775 /* Free a video overlay */
   776 extern DECLSPEC void SDLCALL SDL_FreeYUVOverlay(SDL_Overlay *overlay);
   777 
   778 
   779 /* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * */
   780 /* OpenGL support functions.                                                 */
   781 /* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * */
   782 
   783 /*
   784  * Dynamically load an OpenGL library, or the default one if path is NULL
   785  *
   786  * If you do this, you need to retrieve all of the GL functions used in
   787  * your program from the dynamic library using SDL_GL_GetProcAddress().
   788  */
   789 extern DECLSPEC int SDLCALL SDL_GL_LoadLibrary(const char *path);
   790 
   791 /*
   792  * Get the address of a GL function
   793  */
   794 extern DECLSPEC void * SDLCALL SDL_GL_GetProcAddress(const char* proc);
   795 
   796 /*
   797  * Set an attribute of the OpenGL subsystem before intialization.
   798  */
   799 extern DECLSPEC int SDLCALL SDL_GL_SetAttribute(SDL_GLattr attr, int value);
   800 
   801 /*
   802  * Get an attribute of the OpenGL subsystem from the windowing
   803  * interface, such as glX. This is of course different from getting
   804  * the values from SDL's internal OpenGL subsystem, which only
   805  * stores the values you request before initialization.
   806  *
   807  * Developers should track the values they pass into SDL_GL_SetAttribute
   808  * themselves if they want to retrieve these values.
   809  */
   810 extern DECLSPEC int SDLCALL SDL_GL_GetAttribute(SDL_GLattr attr, int* value);
   811 
   812 /*
   813  * Swap the OpenGL buffers, if double-buffering is supported.
   814  */
   815 extern DECLSPEC void SDLCALL SDL_GL_SwapBuffers(void);
   816 
   817 /* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * */
   818 /* These functions allow interaction with the window manager, if any.        */
   819 /* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * */
   820 
   821 /*
   822  * Sets/Gets the title and icon text of the display window (UTF-8 encoded)
   823  */
   824 extern DECLSPEC void SDLCALL SDL_WM_SetCaption(const char *title, const char *icon);
   825 extern DECLSPEC void SDLCALL SDL_WM_GetCaption(char **title, char **icon);
   826 
   827 /*
   828  * Sets the icon for the display window.
   829  * This function must be called before the first call to SDL_SetVideoMode().
   830  * It takes an icon surface, and a mask in MSB format.
   831  * If 'mask' is NULL, the entire icon surface will be used as the icon.
   832  */
   833 extern DECLSPEC void SDLCALL SDL_WM_SetIcon(SDL_Surface *icon, Uint8 *mask);
   834 
   835 /*
   836  * This function iconifies the window, and returns 1 if it succeeded.
   837  * If the function succeeds, it generates an SDL_APPACTIVE loss event.
   838  * This function is a noop and returns 0 in non-windowed environments.
   839  */
   840 extern DECLSPEC int SDLCALL SDL_WM_IconifyWindow(void);
   841 
   842 /*
   843  * Toggle fullscreen mode without changing the contents of the screen.
   844  * If the display surface does not require locking before accessing
   845  * the pixel information, then the memory pointers will not change.
   846  *
   847  * If this function was able to toggle fullscreen mode (change from 
   848  * running in a window to fullscreen, or vice-versa), it will return 1.
   849  * If it is not implemented, or fails, it returns 0.
   850  *
   851  * The next call to SDL_SetVideoMode() will set the mode fullscreen
   852  * attribute based on the flags parameter - if SDL_FULLSCREEN is not
   853  * set, then the display will be windowed by default where supported.
   854  *
   855  * This is currently only implemented in the X11 video driver.
   856  */
   857 extern DECLSPEC int SDLCALL SDL_WM_ToggleFullScreen(SDL_Surface *surface);
   858 
   859 /*
   860  * This function allows you to set and query the input grab state of
   861  * the application.  It returns the new input grab state.
   862  */
   863 typedef enum {
   864 	SDL_GRAB_QUERY = -1,
   865 	SDL_GRAB_OFF = 0,
   866 	SDL_GRAB_ON = 1,
   867 	SDL_GRAB_FULLSCREEN	/* Used internally */
   868 } SDL_GrabMode;
   869 /*
   870  * Grabbing means that the mouse is confined to the application window,
   871  * and nearly all keyboard input is passed directly to the application,
   872  * and not interpreted by a window manager, if any.
   873  */
   874 extern DECLSPEC SDL_GrabMode SDLCALL SDL_WM_GrabInput(SDL_GrabMode mode);
   875 
   876 /* Not in public API at the moment - do not use! */
   877 extern DECLSPEC int SDLCALL SDL_SoftStretch(SDL_Surface *src, SDL_Rect *srcrect,
   878                                     SDL_Surface *dst, SDL_Rect *dstrect);
   879                     
   880 /* Ends C function definitions when using C++ */
   881 #ifdef __cplusplus
   882 }
   883 #endif
   884 #include "close_code.h"
   885 
   886 #endif /* _SDL_video_h */