src/core/android/SDL_android.cpp
author Ryan C. Gordon <icculus@icculus.org>
Thu, 13 Oct 2011 01:21:35 -0400
changeset 5982 f324bd81b52c
parent 5860 b89f7f3bc9be
child 5993 c9cb52d6d864
permissions -rw-r--r--
Added support for multitouch on Android.

Fixes Bugzilla #1294.

Thanks to Gabriel Jacobo for the patch!
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/*
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  Simple DirectMedia Layer
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  Copyright (C) 1997-2011 Sam Lantinga <slouken@libsdl.org>
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  This software is provided 'as-is', without any express or implied
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  warranty.  In no event will the authors be held liable for any damages
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  arising from the use of this software.
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  Permission is granted to anyone to use this software for any purpose,
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  including commercial applications, and to alter it and redistribute it
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  freely, subject to the following restrictions:
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  1. The origin of this software must not be misrepresented; you must not
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     claim that you wrote the original software. If you use this software
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     in a product, an acknowledgment in the product documentation would be
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     appreciated but is not required.
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  2. Altered source versions must be plainly marked as such, and must not be
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     misrepresented as being the original software.
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  3. This notice may not be removed or altered from any source distribution.
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*/
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#include "SDL_config.h"
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#include "SDL_stdinc.h"
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#include "SDL_android.h"
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extern "C" {
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#include "../../events/SDL_events_c.h"
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#include "../../video/android/SDL_androidkeyboard.h"
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#include "../../video/android/SDL_androidtouch.h"
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#include "../../video/android/SDL_androidvideo.h"
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/* Impelemented in audio/android/SDL_androidaudio.c */
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extern void Android_RunAudioThread();
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} // C
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/*******************************************************************************
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 This file links the Java side of Android with libsdl
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*******************************************************************************/
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#include <jni.h>
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#include <android/log.h>
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/*******************************************************************************
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                               Globals
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*******************************************************************************/
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static JNIEnv* mEnv = NULL;
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static JNIEnv* mAudioEnv = NULL;
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// Main activity
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static jclass mActivityClass;
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// method signatures
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static jmethodID midCreateGLContext;
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static jmethodID midFlipBuffers;
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static jmethodID midAudioInit;
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static jmethodID midAudioWriteShortBuffer;
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static jmethodID midAudioWriteByteBuffer;
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static jmethodID midAudioQuit;
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// Accelerometer data storage
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static float fLastAccelerometer[3];
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/*******************************************************************************
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                 Functions called by JNI
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*******************************************************************************/
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// Library init
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extern "C" jint JNI_OnLoad(JavaVM* vm, void* reserved)
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{
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    return JNI_VERSION_1_4;
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}
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// Called before SDL_main() to initialize JNI bindings
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extern "C" void SDL_Android_Init(JNIEnv* env, jclass cls)
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{
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    __android_log_print(ANDROID_LOG_INFO, "SDL", "SDL_Android_Init()");
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    mEnv = env;
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    mActivityClass = cls;
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    midCreateGLContext = mEnv->GetStaticMethodID(mActivityClass,
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                                "createGLContext","(II)Z");
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    midFlipBuffers = mEnv->GetStaticMethodID(mActivityClass,
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                                "flipBuffers","()V");
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    midAudioInit = mEnv->GetStaticMethodID(mActivityClass, 
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                                "audioInit", "(IZZI)Ljava/lang/Object;");
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    midAudioWriteShortBuffer = mEnv->GetStaticMethodID(mActivityClass,
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                                "audioWriteShortBuffer", "([S)V");
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    midAudioWriteByteBuffer = mEnv->GetStaticMethodID(mActivityClass,
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                                "audioWriteByteBuffer", "([B)V");
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    midAudioQuit = mEnv->GetStaticMethodID(mActivityClass,
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                                "audioQuit", "()V");
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    if(!midCreateGLContext || !midFlipBuffers || !midAudioInit ||
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       !midAudioWriteShortBuffer || !midAudioWriteByteBuffer || !midAudioQuit) {
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        __android_log_print(ANDROID_LOG_WARN, "SDL", "SDL: Couldn't locate Java callbacks, check that they're named and typed correctly");
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    }
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}
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// Resize
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extern "C" void Java_org_libsdl_app_SDLActivity_onNativeResize(
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                                    JNIEnv* env, jclass jcls,
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                                    jint width, jint height, jint format)
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{
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    Android_SetScreenResolution(width, height, format);
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}
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// Keydown
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extern "C" void Java_org_libsdl_app_SDLActivity_onNativeKeyDown(
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                                    JNIEnv* env, jclass jcls, jint keycode)
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{
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    Android_OnKeyDown(keycode);
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}
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// Keyup
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extern "C" void Java_org_libsdl_app_SDLActivity_onNativeKeyUp(
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                                    JNIEnv* env, jclass jcls, jint keycode)
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{
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    Android_OnKeyUp(keycode);
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}
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// Touch
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extern "C" void Java_org_libsdl_app_SDLActivity_onNativeTouch(
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                                    JNIEnv* env, jclass jcls,
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                                    jint touch_device_id_in, jint pointer_finger_id_in,
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                                    jint action, jfloat x, jfloat y, jfloat p)
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{
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    Android_OnTouch(touch_device_id_in, pointer_finger_id_in, action, x, y, p);
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}
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// Accelerometer
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extern "C" void Java_org_libsdl_app_SDLActivity_onNativeAccel(
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                                    JNIEnv* env, jclass jcls,
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                                    jfloat x, jfloat y, jfloat z)
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{
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    fLastAccelerometer[0] = x;
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    fLastAccelerometer[1] = y;
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    fLastAccelerometer[2] = z;   
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}
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// Quit
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extern "C" void Java_org_libsdl_app_SDLActivity_nativeQuit(
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                                    JNIEnv* env, jclass cls)
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{    
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    // Inject a SDL_QUIT event
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    SDL_SendQuit();
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}
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extern "C" void Java_org_libsdl_app_SDLActivity_nativeRunAudioThread(
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                                    JNIEnv* env, jclass cls)
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{
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    /* This is the audio thread, with a different environment */
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    mAudioEnv = env;
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    Android_RunAudioThread();
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}
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/*******************************************************************************
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             Functions called by SDL into Java
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*******************************************************************************/
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extern "C" SDL_bool Android_JNI_CreateContext(int majorVersion, int minorVersion)
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{
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    if (mEnv->CallStaticBooleanMethod(mActivityClass, midCreateGLContext, majorVersion, minorVersion)) {
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        return SDL_TRUE;
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    } else {
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        return SDL_FALSE;
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    }
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}
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extern "C" void Android_JNI_SwapWindow()
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{
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    mEnv->CallStaticVoidMethod(mActivityClass, midFlipBuffers); 
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}
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extern "C" void Android_JNI_SetActivityTitle(const char *title)
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{
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    jmethodID mid;
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    mid = mEnv->GetStaticMethodID(mActivityClass,"setActivityTitle","(Ljava/lang/String;)V");
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    if (mid) {
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        mEnv->CallStaticVoidMethod(mActivityClass, mid, mEnv->NewStringUTF(title));
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    }
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}
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extern "C" void Android_JNI_GetAccelerometerValues(float values[3])
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{
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    int i;
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    for (i = 0; i < 3; ++i) {
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        values[i] = fLastAccelerometer[i];
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    }
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}
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//
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// Audio support
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//
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static jboolean audioBuffer16Bit = JNI_FALSE;
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static jboolean audioBufferStereo = JNI_FALSE;
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static jobject audioBuffer = NULL;
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static void* audioBufferPinned = NULL;
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extern "C" int Android_JNI_OpenAudioDevice(int sampleRate, int is16Bit, int channelCount, int desiredBufferFrames)
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{
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    int audioBufferFrames;
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    __android_log_print(ANDROID_LOG_VERBOSE, "SDL", "SDL audio: opening device");
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    audioBuffer16Bit = is16Bit;
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    audioBufferStereo = channelCount > 1;
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    audioBuffer = mEnv->CallStaticObjectMethod(mActivityClass, midAudioInit, sampleRate, audioBuffer16Bit, audioBufferStereo, desiredBufferFrames);
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    if (audioBuffer == NULL) {
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        __android_log_print(ANDROID_LOG_WARN, "SDL", "SDL audio: didn't get back a good audio buffer!");
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        return 0;
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    }
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    audioBuffer = mEnv->NewGlobalRef(audioBuffer);
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    jboolean isCopy = JNI_FALSE;
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    if (audioBuffer16Bit) {
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        audioBufferPinned = mEnv->GetShortArrayElements((jshortArray)audioBuffer, &isCopy);
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        audioBufferFrames = mEnv->GetArrayLength((jshortArray)audioBuffer);
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    } else {
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        audioBufferPinned = mEnv->GetByteArrayElements((jbyteArray)audioBuffer, &isCopy);
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        audioBufferFrames = mEnv->GetArrayLength((jbyteArray)audioBuffer);
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    }
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    if (audioBufferStereo) {
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        audioBufferFrames /= 2;
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    }
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    return audioBufferFrames;
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}
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extern "C" void * Android_JNI_GetAudioBuffer()
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{
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    return audioBufferPinned;
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}
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extern "C" void Android_JNI_WriteAudioBuffer()
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{
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    if (audioBuffer16Bit) {
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        mAudioEnv->ReleaseShortArrayElements((jshortArray)audioBuffer, (jshort *)audioBufferPinned, JNI_COMMIT);
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        mAudioEnv->CallStaticVoidMethod(mActivityClass, midAudioWriteShortBuffer, (jshortArray)audioBuffer);
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    } else {
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        mAudioEnv->ReleaseByteArrayElements((jbyteArray)audioBuffer, (jbyte *)audioBufferPinned, JNI_COMMIT);
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        mAudioEnv->CallStaticVoidMethod(mActivityClass, midAudioWriteByteBuffer, (jbyteArray)audioBuffer);
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    }
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    /* JNI_COMMIT means the changes are committed to the VM but the buffer remains pinned */
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}
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extern "C" void Android_JNI_CloseAudioDevice()
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{
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    mEnv->CallStaticVoidMethod(mActivityClass, midAudioQuit); 
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    if (audioBuffer) {
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        mEnv->DeleteGlobalRef(audioBuffer);
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        audioBuffer = NULL;
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        audioBufferPinned = NULL;
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    }
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}
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// Test for an exception and call SDL_SetError with its detail if one occurs
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static bool Android_JNI_ExceptionOccurred()
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{
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    jthrowable exception = mEnv->ExceptionOccurred();
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    if (exception != NULL) {
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        jmethodID mid;
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        // Until this happens most JNI operations have undefined behaviour
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        mEnv->ExceptionClear();
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        jclass exceptionClass = mEnv->GetObjectClass(exception);
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        jclass classClass = mEnv->FindClass("java/lang/Class");
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        mid = mEnv->GetMethodID(classClass, "getName", "()Ljava/lang/String;");
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        jstring exceptionName = (jstring)mEnv->CallObjectMethod(exceptionClass, mid);
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        const char* exceptionNameUTF8 = mEnv->GetStringUTFChars(exceptionName, 0);
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        mid = mEnv->GetMethodID(exceptionClass, "getMessage", "()Ljava/lang/String;");
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        jstring exceptionMessage = (jstring)mEnv->CallObjectMethod(exception, mid);
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        if (exceptionMessage != NULL) {
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            const char* exceptionMessageUTF8 = mEnv->GetStringUTFChars(
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                    exceptionMessage, 0);
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            SDL_SetError("%s: %s", exceptionNameUTF8, exceptionMessageUTF8);
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            mEnv->ReleaseStringUTFChars(exceptionMessage, exceptionMessageUTF8);
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   288
            mEnv->DeleteLocalRef(exceptionMessage);
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   289
        } else {
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   290
            SDL_SetError("%s", exceptionNameUTF8);
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   291
        }
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   292
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   293
        mEnv->ReleaseStringUTFChars(exceptionName, exceptionNameUTF8);
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   294
        mEnv->DeleteLocalRef(exceptionName);
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   295
        mEnv->DeleteLocalRef(classClass);
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   296
        mEnv->DeleteLocalRef(exceptionClass);
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   297
        mEnv->DeleteLocalRef(exception);
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   298
tim@5650
   299
        return true;
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   300
    }
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   301
tim@5650
   302
    return false;
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   303
}
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   304
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   305
static int Android_JNI_FileOpen(SDL_RWops* ctx)
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   306
{
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   307
    int result = 0;
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   308
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   309
    jmethodID mid;
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   310
    jobject context;
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   311
    jobject assetManager;
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   312
    jobject inputStream;
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   313
    jclass channels;
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   314
    jobject readableByteChannel;
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   315
    jstring fileNameJString;
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   316
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   317
    bool allocatedLocalFrame = false;
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   318
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   319
    if (mEnv->PushLocalFrame(16) < 0) {
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   320
        SDL_SetError("Failed to allocate enough JVM local references");
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   321
        goto failure;
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   322
    } else {
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   323
        allocatedLocalFrame = true;
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   324
    }
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   325
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   326
    fileNameJString = (jstring)ctx->hidden.androidio.fileName;
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   328
    // context = SDLActivity.getContext();
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   329
    mid = mEnv->GetStaticMethodID(mActivityClass,
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            "getContext","()Landroid/content/Context;");
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   331
    context = mEnv->CallStaticObjectMethod(mActivityClass, mid);
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    // assetManager = context.getAssets();
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    mid = mEnv->GetMethodID(mEnv->GetObjectClass(context),
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            "getAssets", "()Landroid/content/res/AssetManager;");
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    assetManager = mEnv->CallObjectMethod(context, mid);
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   338
    // inputStream = assetManager.open(<filename>);
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   339
    mid = mEnv->GetMethodID(mEnv->GetObjectClass(assetManager),
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            "open", "(Ljava/lang/String;)Ljava/io/InputStream;");
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    inputStream = mEnv->CallObjectMethod(assetManager, mid, fileNameJString);
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    if (Android_JNI_ExceptionOccurred()) {
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   343
        goto failure;
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   344
    }
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   345
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   346
    ctx->hidden.androidio.inputStream = inputStream;
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    ctx->hidden.androidio.inputStreamRef = mEnv->NewGlobalRef(inputStream);
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    // Store .skip id for seeking purposes
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    mid = mEnv->GetMethodID(mEnv->GetObjectClass(inputStream),
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            "skip", "(J)J");
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    ctx->hidden.androidio.skipMethod = mid;
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   354
    // Despite all the visible documentation on [Asset]InputStream claiming
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    // that the .available() method is not guaranteed to return the entire file
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    // size, comments in <sdk>/samples/<ver>/ApiDemos/src/com/example/ ...
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    // android/apis/content/ReadAsset.java imply that Android's
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    // AssetInputStream.available() /will/ always return the total file size
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   359
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   360
    // size = inputStream.available();
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   361
    mid = mEnv->GetMethodID(mEnv->GetObjectClass(inputStream),
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            "available", "()I");
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    ctx->hidden.androidio.size = mEnv->CallIntMethod(inputStream, mid);
tim@5650
   364
    if (Android_JNI_ExceptionOccurred()) {
tim@5650
   365
        goto failure;
icculus@5582
   366
    }
icculus@5582
   367
icculus@5582
   368
    // readableByteChannel = Channels.newChannel(inputStream);
tim@5650
   369
    channels = mEnv->FindClass("java/nio/channels/Channels");
icculus@5582
   370
    mid = mEnv->GetStaticMethodID(channels,
icculus@5582
   371
            "newChannel",
icculus@5582
   372
            "(Ljava/io/InputStream;)Ljava/nio/channels/ReadableByteChannel;");
tim@5650
   373
    readableByteChannel = mEnv->CallStaticObjectMethod(
icculus@5582
   374
            channels, mid, inputStream);
tim@5650
   375
    if (Android_JNI_ExceptionOccurred()) {
tim@5650
   376
        goto failure;
icculus@5582
   377
    }
icculus@5582
   378
tim@5650
   379
    ctx->hidden.androidio.readableByteChannel = readableByteChannel;
tim@5650
   380
    ctx->hidden.androidio.readableByteChannelRef =
tim@5650
   381
        mEnv->NewGlobalRef(readableByteChannel);
tim@5650
   382
icculus@5582
   383
    // Store .read id for reading purposes
icculus@5582
   384
    mid = mEnv->GetMethodID(mEnv->GetObjectClass(readableByteChannel),
icculus@5582
   385
            "read", "(Ljava/nio/ByteBuffer;)I");
icculus@5582
   386
    ctx->hidden.androidio.readMethod = mid;
icculus@5582
   387
icculus@5582
   388
    ctx->hidden.androidio.position = 0;
icculus@5582
   389
tim@5650
   390
    if (false) {
tim@5650
   391
failure:
tim@5650
   392
        result = -1;
tim@5650
   393
tim@5650
   394
        mEnv->DeleteGlobalRef((jobject)ctx->hidden.androidio.fileNameRef);
tim@5650
   395
tim@5650
   396
        if(ctx->hidden.androidio.inputStreamRef != NULL) {
tim@5650
   397
            mEnv->DeleteGlobalRef((jobject)ctx->hidden.androidio.inputStreamRef);
tim@5650
   398
        }
tim@5650
   399
    }
tim@5650
   400
tim@5650
   401
    if (allocatedLocalFrame) {
tim@5650
   402
        mEnv->PopLocalFrame(NULL);
tim@5650
   403
    }
tim@5650
   404
tim@5650
   405
    return result;
icculus@5582
   406
}
icculus@5582
   407
icculus@5582
   408
extern "C" int Android_JNI_FileOpen(SDL_RWops* ctx,
icculus@5582
   409
        const char* fileName, const char*)
icculus@5582
   410
{
icculus@5582
   411
    if (!ctx) {
icculus@5582
   412
        return -1;
icculus@5582
   413
    }
icculus@5582
   414
icculus@5582
   415
    jstring fileNameJString = mEnv->NewStringUTF(fileName);
icculus@5582
   416
    ctx->hidden.androidio.fileName = fileNameJString;
icculus@5582
   417
    ctx->hidden.androidio.fileNameRef = mEnv->NewGlobalRef(fileNameJString);
tim@5650
   418
    ctx->hidden.androidio.inputStreamRef = NULL;
tim@5650
   419
    mEnv->DeleteLocalRef(fileNameJString);
icculus@5582
   420
icculus@5582
   421
    return Android_JNI_FileOpen(ctx);
icculus@5582
   422
}
icculus@5582
   423
icculus@5582
   424
extern "C" size_t Android_JNI_FileRead(SDL_RWops* ctx, void* buffer,
icculus@5582
   425
        size_t size, size_t maxnum)
icculus@5582
   426
{
icculus@5582
   427
    int bytesRemaining = size * maxnum;
icculus@5582
   428
    int bytesRead = 0;
icculus@5582
   429
icculus@5582
   430
    jobject readableByteChannel = (jobject)ctx->hidden.androidio.readableByteChannel;
icculus@5582
   431
    jmethodID readMethod = (jmethodID)ctx->hidden.androidio.readMethod;
icculus@5582
   432
    jobject byteBuffer = mEnv->NewDirectByteBuffer(buffer, bytesRemaining);
icculus@5582
   433
icculus@5582
   434
    while (bytesRemaining > 0) {
icculus@5582
   435
        // result = readableByteChannel.read(...);
icculus@5582
   436
        int result = mEnv->CallIntMethod(readableByteChannel, readMethod, byteBuffer);
icculus@5582
   437
tim@5650
   438
        if (Android_JNI_ExceptionOccurred()) {
tim@5650
   439
            mEnv->DeleteLocalRef(byteBuffer);
icculus@5582
   440
            return 0;
icculus@5582
   441
        }
icculus@5582
   442
icculus@5582
   443
        if (result < 0) {
icculus@5582
   444
            break;
icculus@5582
   445
        }
icculus@5582
   446
icculus@5582
   447
        bytesRemaining -= result;
icculus@5582
   448
        bytesRead += result;
icculus@5582
   449
        ctx->hidden.androidio.position += result;
icculus@5582
   450
    }
icculus@5582
   451
tim@5650
   452
    mEnv->DeleteLocalRef(byteBuffer);
tim@5650
   453
icculus@5582
   454
    return bytesRead / size;
icculus@5582
   455
}
icculus@5582
   456
icculus@5582
   457
extern "C" size_t Android_JNI_FileWrite(SDL_RWops* ctx, const void* buffer,
icculus@5582
   458
        size_t size, size_t num)
icculus@5582
   459
{
icculus@5582
   460
    SDL_SetError("Cannot write to Android package filesystem");
icculus@5582
   461
    return 0;
icculus@5582
   462
}
icculus@5582
   463
icculus@5582
   464
static int Android_JNI_FileClose(SDL_RWops* ctx, bool release)
icculus@5582
   465
{
icculus@5582
   466
    int result = 0;
icculus@5582
   467
icculus@5582
   468
    if (ctx) {
icculus@5582
   469
        if (release) {
icculus@5582
   470
            mEnv->DeleteGlobalRef((jobject)ctx->hidden.androidio.fileNameRef);
icculus@5582
   471
        }
icculus@5582
   472
icculus@5582
   473
        jobject inputStream = (jobject)ctx->hidden.androidio.inputStream;
icculus@5582
   474
icculus@5582
   475
        // inputStream.close();
icculus@5582
   476
        jmethodID mid = mEnv->GetMethodID(mEnv->GetObjectClass(inputStream),
icculus@5582
   477
                "close", "()V");
icculus@5582
   478
        mEnv->CallVoidMethod(inputStream, mid);
icculus@5582
   479
        mEnv->DeleteGlobalRef((jobject)ctx->hidden.androidio.inputStreamRef);
icculus@5582
   480
        mEnv->DeleteGlobalRef((jobject)ctx->hidden.androidio.readableByteChannelRef);
tim@5650
   481
        if (Android_JNI_ExceptionOccurred()) {
icculus@5582
   482
            result = -1;
icculus@5582
   483
        }
icculus@5582
   484
icculus@5582
   485
        if (release) {
icculus@5582
   486
            SDL_FreeRW(ctx);
icculus@5582
   487
        }
icculus@5582
   488
    }
icculus@5582
   489
icculus@5582
   490
    return result;
icculus@5582
   491
}
icculus@5582
   492
icculus@5582
   493
icculus@5582
   494
extern "C" long Android_JNI_FileSeek(SDL_RWops* ctx, long offset, int whence)
icculus@5582
   495
{
icculus@5582
   496
    long newPosition;
icculus@5582
   497
icculus@5582
   498
    switch (whence) {
icculus@5582
   499
        case RW_SEEK_SET:
icculus@5582
   500
            newPosition = offset;
icculus@5582
   501
            break;
icculus@5582
   502
        case RW_SEEK_CUR:
icculus@5582
   503
            newPosition = ctx->hidden.androidio.position + offset;
icculus@5582
   504
            break;
icculus@5582
   505
        case RW_SEEK_END:
icculus@5582
   506
            newPosition = ctx->hidden.androidio.size + offset;
icculus@5582
   507
            break;
icculus@5582
   508
        default:
icculus@5582
   509
            SDL_SetError("Unknown value for 'whence'");
icculus@5582
   510
            return -1;
icculus@5582
   511
    }
icculus@5582
   512
    if (newPosition < 0) {
icculus@5582
   513
        newPosition = 0;
icculus@5582
   514
    }
icculus@5582
   515
    if (newPosition > ctx->hidden.androidio.size) {
icculus@5582
   516
        newPosition = ctx->hidden.androidio.size;
icculus@5582
   517
    }
icculus@5582
   518
icculus@5582
   519
    long movement = newPosition - ctx->hidden.androidio.position;
icculus@5582
   520
    jobject inputStream = (jobject)ctx->hidden.androidio.inputStream;
icculus@5582
   521
    jmethodID skipMethod = (jmethodID)ctx->hidden.androidio.skipMethod;
icculus@5582
   522
icculus@5582
   523
    if (movement > 0) {
icculus@5582
   524
        // The easy case where we're seeking forwards
icculus@5582
   525
        while (movement > 0) {
icculus@5582
   526
            // inputStream.skip(...);
icculus@5582
   527
            movement -= mEnv->CallLongMethod(inputStream, skipMethod, movement);
tim@5650
   528
            if (Android_JNI_ExceptionOccurred()) {
icculus@5582
   529
                return -1;
icculus@5582
   530
            }
icculus@5582
   531
        }
icculus@5582
   532
    } else if (movement < 0) {
icculus@5582
   533
        // We can't seek backwards so we have to reopen the file and seek
icculus@5582
   534
        // forwards which obviously isn't very efficient
icculus@5582
   535
        Android_JNI_FileClose(ctx, false);
icculus@5582
   536
        Android_JNI_FileOpen(ctx);
icculus@5582
   537
        Android_JNI_FileSeek(ctx, newPosition, RW_SEEK_SET);
icculus@5582
   538
    }
icculus@5582
   539
icculus@5582
   540
    ctx->hidden.androidio.position = newPosition;
icculus@5582
   541
icculus@5582
   542
    return ctx->hidden.androidio.position;
icculus@5582
   543
}
icculus@5582
   544
icculus@5582
   545
extern "C" int Android_JNI_FileClose(SDL_RWops* ctx)
icculus@5582
   546
{
icculus@5582
   547
    return Android_JNI_FileClose(ctx, true);
icculus@5582
   548
}
icculus@5582
   549
slouken@4981
   550
/* vi: set ts=4 sw=4 expandtab: */