src/libm/e_rem_pio2.c
author Ryan C. Gordon <icculus@icculus.org>
Mon, 21 May 2018 12:00:21 -0400
changeset 11994 8e094f91ddab
parent 11683 48bcba563d9c
child 12084 f0092ea3a038
permissions -rw-r--r--
thread: fixed compiler warnings on non-Linux systems that use pthread.

(static function rtkit_setpriority was unused, moved it in with rest of
__LINUX__ section.)
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/*
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 * ====================================================
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 * Copyright (C) 1993 by Sun Microsystems, Inc. All rights reserved.
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 *
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 * Developed at SunPro, a Sun Microsystems, Inc. business.
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 * Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this
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 * software is freely granted, provided that this notice
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 * is preserved.
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 * ====================================================
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 */
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/* __ieee754_rem_pio2(x,y)
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 *
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 * return the remainder of x rem pi/2 in y[0]+y[1]
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 * use __kernel_rem_pio2()
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 */
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#include "math_libm.h"
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#include "math_private.h"
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/*
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 * Table of constants for 2/pi, 396 Hex digits (476 decimal) of 2/pi
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 */
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static const int32_t two_over_pi[] = {
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0xA2F983, 0x6E4E44, 0x1529FC, 0x2757D1, 0xF534DD, 0xC0DB62,
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0x95993C, 0x439041, 0xFE5163, 0xABDEBB, 0xC561B7, 0x246E3A,
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0x424DD2, 0xE00649, 0x2EEA09, 0xD1921C, 0xFE1DEB, 0x1CB129,
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0xA73EE8, 0x8235F5, 0x2EBB44, 0x84E99C, 0x7026B4, 0x5F7E41,
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0x3991D6, 0x398353, 0x39F49C, 0x845F8B, 0xBDF928, 0x3B1FF8,
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0x97FFDE, 0x05980F, 0xEF2F11, 0x8B5A0A, 0x6D1F6D, 0x367ECF,
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0x27CB09, 0xB74F46, 0x3F669E, 0x5FEA2D, 0x7527BA, 0xC7EBE5,
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0xF17B3D, 0x0739F7, 0x8A5292, 0xEA6BFB, 0x5FB11F, 0x8D5D08,
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0x560330, 0x46FC7B, 0x6BABF0, 0xCFBC20, 0x9AF436, 0x1DA9E3,
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0x91615E, 0xE61B08, 0x659985, 0x5F14A0, 0x68408D, 0xFFD880,
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0x4D7327, 0x310606, 0x1556CA, 0x73A8C9, 0x60E27B, 0xC08C6B,
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};
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static const int32_t npio2_hw[] = {
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0x3FF921FB, 0x400921FB, 0x4012D97C, 0x401921FB, 0x401F6A7A, 0x4022D97C,
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0x4025FDBB, 0x402921FB, 0x402C463A, 0x402F6A7A, 0x4031475C, 0x4032D97C,
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0x40346B9C, 0x4035FDBB, 0x40378FDB, 0x403921FB, 0x403AB41B, 0x403C463A,
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0x403DD85A, 0x403F6A7A, 0x40407E4C, 0x4041475C, 0x4042106C, 0x4042D97C,
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0x4043A28C, 0x40446B9C, 0x404534AC, 0x4045FDBB, 0x4046C6CB, 0x40478FDB,
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0x404858EB, 0x404921FB,
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};
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/*
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 * invpio2:  53 bits of 2/pi
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 * pio2_1:   first  33 bit of pi/2
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 * pio2_1t:  pi/2 - pio2_1
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 * pio2_2:   second 33 bit of pi/2
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 * pio2_2t:  pi/2 - (pio2_1+pio2_2)
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 * pio2_3:   third  33 bit of pi/2
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 * pio2_3t:  pi/2 - (pio2_1+pio2_2+pio2_3)
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 */
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static const double
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zero =  0.00000000000000000000e+00, /* 0x00000000, 0x00000000 */
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half =  5.00000000000000000000e-01, /* 0x3FE00000, 0x00000000 */
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two24 =  1.67772160000000000000e+07, /* 0x41700000, 0x00000000 */
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invpio2 =  6.36619772367581382433e-01, /* 0x3FE45F30, 0x6DC9C883 */
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pio2_1  =  1.57079632673412561417e+00, /* 0x3FF921FB, 0x54400000 */
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pio2_1t =  6.07710050650619224932e-11, /* 0x3DD0B461, 0x1A626331 */
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pio2_2  =  6.07710050630396597660e-11, /* 0x3DD0B461, 0x1A600000 */
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pio2_2t =  2.02226624879595063154e-21, /* 0x3BA3198A, 0x2E037073 */
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pio2_3  =  2.02226624871116645580e-21, /* 0x3BA3198A, 0x2E000000 */
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pio2_3t =  8.47842766036889956997e-32; /* 0x397B839A, 0x252049C1 */
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int32_t attribute_hidden __ieee754_rem_pio2(double x, double *y)
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{
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	double z=0.0,w,t,r,fn;
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	double tx[3];
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	int32_t e0,i,j,nx,n,ix,hx;
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	u_int32_t low;
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	GET_HIGH_WORD(hx,x);		/* high word of x */
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	ix = hx&0x7fffffff;
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	if(ix<=0x3fe921fb)   /* |x| ~<= pi/4 , no need for reduction */
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	    {y[0] = x; y[1] = 0; return 0;}
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	if(ix<0x4002d97c) {  /* |x| < 3pi/4, special case with n=+-1 */
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	    if(hx>0) {
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		z = x - pio2_1;
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		if(ix!=0x3ff921fb) { 	/* 33+53 bit pi is good enough */
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		    y[0] = z - pio2_1t;
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		    y[1] = (z-y[0])-pio2_1t;
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		} else {		/* near pi/2, use 33+33+53 bit pi */
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		    z -= pio2_2;
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		    y[0] = z - pio2_2t;
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		    y[1] = (z-y[0])-pio2_2t;
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		}
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		return 1;
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	    } else {	/* negative x */
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		z = x + pio2_1;
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		if(ix!=0x3ff921fb) { 	/* 33+53 bit pi is good enough */
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		    y[0] = z + pio2_1t;
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		    y[1] = (z-y[0])+pio2_1t;
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		} else {		/* near pi/2, use 33+33+53 bit pi */
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		    z += pio2_2;
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		    y[0] = z + pio2_2t;
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		    y[1] = (z-y[0])+pio2_2t;
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		}
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		return -1;
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	    }
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	}
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	if(ix<=0x413921fb) { /* |x| ~<= 2^19*(pi/2), medium size */
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	    t  = fabs(x);
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	    n  = (int32_t) (t*invpio2+half);
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	    fn = (double)n;
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	    r  = t-fn*pio2_1;
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	    w  = fn*pio2_1t;	/* 1st round good to 85 bit */
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	    if(n<32&&ix!=npio2_hw[n-1]) {
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		y[0] = r-w;	/* quick check no cancellation */
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	    } else {
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	        u_int32_t high;
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	        j  = ix>>20;
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	        y[0] = r-w;
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		GET_HIGH_WORD(high,y[0]);
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	        i = j-((high>>20)&0x7ff);
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	        if(i>16) {  /* 2nd iteration needed, good to 118 */
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		    t  = r;
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		    w  = fn*pio2_2;
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		    r  = t-w;
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		    w  = fn*pio2_2t-((t-r)-w);
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		    y[0] = r-w;
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		    GET_HIGH_WORD(high,y[0]);
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		    i = j-((high>>20)&0x7ff);
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		    if(i>49)  {	/* 3rd iteration need, 151 bits acc */
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		    	t  = r;	/* will cover all possible cases */
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		    	w  = fn*pio2_3;
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		    	r  = t-w;
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		    	w  = fn*pio2_3t-((t-r)-w);
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		    	y[0] = r-w;
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		    }
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		}
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	    }
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	    y[1] = (r-y[0])-w;
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	    if(hx<0) 	{y[0] = -y[0]; y[1] = -y[1]; return -n;}
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	    else	 return n;
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	}
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    /*
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     * all other (large) arguments
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     */
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	if(ix>=0x7ff00000) {		/* x is inf or NaN */
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	    y[0]=y[1]=x-x; return 0;
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	}
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    /* set z = scalbn(|x|,ilogb(x)-23) */
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	GET_LOW_WORD(low,x);
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	SET_LOW_WORD(z,low);
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	e0 	= (ix>>20)-1046;	/* e0 = ilogb(z)-23; */
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	SET_HIGH_WORD(z, ix - ((int32_t)(e0<<20)));
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	for(i=0;i<2;i++) {
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		tx[i] = (double)((int32_t)(z));
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		z     = (z-tx[i])*two24;
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	}
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	tx[2] = z;
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	nx = 3;
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	while(tx[nx-1]==zero) nx--;	/* skip zero term */
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	n  =  __kernel_rem_pio2(tx,y,e0,nx,2,two_over_pi);
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	if(hx<0) {y[0] = -y[0]; y[1] = -y[1]; return -n;}
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	return n;
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}